Physiological value of stabilometric studies in complex coordination sports

PhD, senior researcher T.V. Krasnoperova1
PhD, senior researcher N.B. Kotelevskaya1
Dr.Biol. T.F. Abramova2
1Federal State Budgetary Institution "Saint Petersburg Scientific Research Institute for Physical Culture", St. Petersburg
2Federal Science Center for Physical Culture and Sport, Moscow

Objective of the study was to scientifically substantiate the importance of stabilometric studies in complex coordination sports.
Methods and structure of the study. The stated objective was accomplished with the help of a computer force plate used to record and process the pressure center movement rates on the support plane while maintaining a stable vertical body position. The stabilometric study involved 89 athletes engaged in complex coordination sports (age - 16-24 years, sports experience - from 3 to 5 years in the basic training period).
Results of the study and conclusions. The results of the stubilometric study in complex coordination sports (on the example of sailing, climbing, snowboarding, double-event, speed-strength disciplines of track and field athletics) proved the appropriateness of this method. In the stabilometric test with the open eyes, regardless of the kind of sport, health restraints, and gender, the examined athletes were found to have either no or mild stabilometric disorders in the basic training period. In snowboarding and double-event, as well as in climbing and sailing, the static component of the coordination structure of the athletes' motor activity was found to be the most stable. In the test with eyes closed, the individual ability of each athlete to maintain balance was assessed.

Keywords: method of stabilometry, balancing function, statokinetic disorders, complex coordination sports.

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