Biomechanical classification of actions in competitive wrestling
Dr.Hab., Professor A.G. Levitsky1
PhD, Associate Professor A.A. Potsipun2
PhD, Associate Professor O.V. Oshina2
1Lesgaft National State University of Physical Education, Sport and Health, St. Petersburg
2St. Petersburg State University, St. Petersburg
The study offers a biomechanical classification of actions in competitive wrestling based on the traditional description of objects in modern mechanics. Standing technical actions are classified into the following 4 groups: force couple; lever; mechanical block; and combined throws. The proposed classification makes it possible to generate physical values to rate the throw execution techniques. In case of a rotation throw with the under-shoulder grip, for instance, the action may be 3 times more efficient if the rotation angle is duly increased.
The proposed classification may be applied in the education and training process at technical universities. The relevant mechanical process models may be used to reinforce the interdisciplinary connections and learning quality in the academic Physical Education discipline and the core academic discipline. This will encourage further interest of the students in the studies and improve the learning process quality and, consequently, improve the technical background of the students and their motivations for the academic and training process. The proposed classification may be supplemented by grouped technical actions based on some other process models applied in modern mechanics.
Keywords: biomechanics, competitive wrestling, technique.
- http://www.Academia publ..edu/2401906/A_Biomechanical_Reassessment_of_the_Scientific_Foundations_of_Jigoro_Kanos_Kodokan_Judo
- Janelidze G.Y. Teoreticheskaya mekhanika v primerakh i zadachah. Ucheb. posobie dlya zaochnykh i vechernikh vtuzov. V. 2 [Theoretical mechanics in examples and problems. Study guide for correspondence and extramural technical colleges]: Dinamika: Nauka publ., 1964, 663 p.