Evaluation of hemic system indices in athletes in terms of adaptation to physical loads

Evaluation of hemic system indices in athletes in terms of adaptation to physical loads

Авторы: 

Teoriya i praktika fizicheskoy kultury №10 2017, pp.58-60

Dr.Biol., Associate Professor O.N. Oparina1
PhD, Associate Professor N.V. Anisimova1
PhD O.A. Dogurevich1
1Penza State University, Penza

Physical loads are of remarkable influence on the blood system status. Objective of the study was to assess the applicability of the hemic system indices in athletes and non-athletes in terms of adaptation to physical loads. Еthe blood cell composition was studied in 61 athletes aged 18-23 years: basketball players, track and field athletes, weightlifters, triathletes. The athletes were examined at various stages of the training process. The reference group was made of apparently healthy students not engaged in sports. The PWC170 test was used as physical loading. PWC170 was determined using the "Sven sport" cycle ergometer.
The informative value of the integrated survey of athletes increases significantly when assessing the blood values in dynamics - before and after muscular exercise at different stages of the annual training cycle, which makes it possible to determine the reserve capabilities of a number of blood system indices.

Keywords: adaptation, muscular load, hemic system, failure in adaptation, stress.

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