Eleutherococcus (Siberian ginseng) in wrestler training

Dr.Biol., Associate Professor I.P. Zaitseva1
Dr.Biol. V.N. Melnikov2
PhD, Associate Professor O.N. Zaitsev3
1P.G. Demidov Yaroslavl State University, Yaroslavl
2Scientific Research Institute of Physiology and Basic Medicine, Novosibirsk
3Yaroslavl State Technical University, Yaroslavl

Objective of the study was to identify the reactions of the hypothalamo-hypophyseal neurosecretory system and sympathoadrenal system to intense muscle trainings and the possibilities to control these reactions and improve physical working capacity through the administration of eleutherococcus extract.
Methods and structure of the study. Sampled for the study were 38 wrestlers qualified from Class II to Masters of Sport, mean age - 22±3 years (M±m). The subjects were trained 4 times a week for 2 hours. Half of the athletes (19 subjects – Experimantal Group) took pharmacopoeial eleuthero root fluid extract for 2 weeks at a dose of 5 ml once a day in the morning. The other 19 subjects – Control Group - did not take the eleuthero extract. The non-sporting group consisted of 20 practically healthy male students who attended 2-hour physical education classes per week and trained only within the scope of the university program.
A fluorimetric method was used to measure the levels of adrenaline, noradrenaline, dopamine, and 11-oxycorticosteroids (11-OKS)  in the venous blood. The subjects' physical development was rated using a Harvard step test.
Results of the study and conclusions. In a state of muscular rest, the wrestlers, as opposed to the non-sporting males, were found to have a significant increase in the 11-OKS level and an increase in the noradrenaline level that did not reach the level of statistical significance. 30 minutes into the 2-hour training, the concentrations of adrenaline, noradrenaline, and oxycorticosteroids were combined with a slightly reduced level of dopamine (p<0.1), as compared to the initial state. The administration of eleuthero extract increased physical working capacity, reversed the hormonal-mediatory shifts caused by regular and occasional trainings, and made it possible to achieve a training state with less tension of the studied systems.

Keywords: students, athletes, training, catecholamines, glucocorticoids, eleutherococcus.

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