Specifics of triathlon training

PhD Peulic Jovica1
S.V. Evseeva1
I.I. Druzyanov1
1North-Eastern Federal University named after M.K. Ammosov, Yakutsk

Objective of the study was to identify the peculiarities of modern triathlon training process design.
Methods and structure of the study. We analyzed the primary and secondary sources, studies by the Serbian and foreign researchers on the Internet and in electronic journals, as well as personal experience of the authors.
Results of the study and conclusions. The training process design is based on a competitive year (it should not be equated to a calendar year) and a competitive period. The competitive year (macro-cyclic) is divided into fewer cycles: meso-cycles, micro-cycles, one training day, and one training session. Particular attention should be given to work with young triathletes, as the period of ontogenesis is critical to the achievement of high sports results and development of certain anthropological potential.
Each training session should be clearly structured and characterized by its purpose, load intensity, choice of the teaching tools and methods, rest breaks. The goal of each training session must be a part or sub-goal of the cycle to which it belongs.
The triathlon training process should be designed with the participation of a sport physician who regularly monitors the athletes' cardiovascular and respiratory system functioning, blood parameters, etc.

Keywords: triathlon, training process design, sensory period, anthropological potential.

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