Health-improving training of 50-60 year-old males in prevention of cardiovascular diseases

PhD, Associate Professor E.S. Kachenkova1
PhD, Associate Professor I.V. Kulkova2
Dr.Biol., Professor S.Yu. Zavalishina3
Dr.Biol., Professor E.S. Tkacheva4
1Institute of Natural Sciences and Sports Technologies (Moscow City University), Moscow
2Moscow State Pedagogical University, Moscow
3Russian State Social University, Moscow
4Vologda State Dairy Farming Academy named after V.N. Vereshchagin, Vologda

Objective of the study was to study the effects of the specially designed health-improving training program on the 50-60 year-old males who are at risk of formation of cardiovascular diseases.
Methods and structure of the study. The study was carried out at the premises of the USSR Fitness Club (Dzerzhinsky, Moscow region) and involved 30 males aged 50-60 years, who were divided into the Control and Experimental Groups, 15 people each. All men were not diagnosed with cardiovascular diseases but were at risk of their formation.
During the study, we developed the training programs (health-improving training No.1a (1st semester), health-improving training No.1b (2nd semester) for this population category and assessed its effectiveness. The Control Group subjects were trained according to the standard program in the gym: 3-4 training sessions per week, 45-60 min each. The Experimental Group subjects were trained under the training program health-improving training No.1a, which was based on the developing (in the 1st half of the academic year) and training (in the 2nd half of the academic year) motor modes. They practiced 3-4 times per week for 45-60 min throughout the year.
Results of the study and conclusions. The effectiveness of the versatile health-improving training programs is confirmed by the increase in the endurance rate in the Experimental Group by 10% versus the Control Group, as well as by the improvement in the quality of life of this population category and by their widespread introduction into the practice of physical education and fitness activities.

Keywords: 50-60 year-old males, health-improving training, training simulators, functional indicators, cardiovascular system.


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