Methodological features of health-improvement physical training of adults with spinal disorders

Potsgraduate student I.V. Aksarin1
Dr.Sc.Psych., Professor B.P. Yakovlev1
PhD, Associate Professor I.Yu. Aksarina1
PhD, Associate Professor N.V. Mosina1
1Yugra State University, Khanty-Mansiysk

Objective of the study was to develop a health-improvement physical training model to improve the physical condition of people with spinal disorders.
Methods and structure of the study. Sampled for the study were the 25-35 year-old males (n=16) with structural and functional spinal disorders training in the sports complex of Unyugan, Oktyabrsky district, Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Region (Yugra). The level of pain and discomfort was assessed using a visual analogue scale and verbal description scale; functional motor abilities - using a deep squat test and shoulder joint mobility test; physical fitness - using Cooper’s 12-minute swim test, push-ups, and plank.
The subjects were divided into 2 groups: Control and Experimental Group, 8 people each. The Experimental Group males were trained according to the developed model of health-improving physical training for people with spinal disorders.
Results and conclusions. In assessing the level of pain and discomfort in both groups, we observed a reduction in the pain level, as all preventive measures were aimed to relieve inflammation, relax muscles, and simultaneously pump the core muscles. There was a greater reduction in the pain level in the Experimental Group as opposed to the Control Group.
In terms of the functional motor abilities, the results improved in both groups, but in the Experimental Group the increase was greater due to the application of the health-improving technology aimed to increase overall and joint mobility, as well as strengthen the muscle groups.
In terms of the physical fitness level, after the experiment, there was an increase in both groups, which proved that even basic exercises can improve the physical performance rates. However, there was a significant increase in the Experimental Group, indicating the effectiveness of the health-improving physical training model in preventing, restoring, and correcting the structural and functional spinal disorders in males in mature period 1.

Keywords: physical fitness, functional motor abilities, maturity, structural and functional spinal disorders.

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