Psychological assessment of social behavior in sports

Dr.Sc.Psych., Associate Professor P.A. Kislyakov1
PhD, Associate Professor M.S. Belov2
Dr.Sc.Psych., Associate Professor E.A. Shmeleva1
PhD, Associate Professor A.V. Kornev1
1Russian State Social University, Moscow
2Ivanovo State Energy University, Ivanovo

Objective of the study was to analyze the prosocial and antisocial behavior of athletes on the basis of the "Prosocial and Antisocial Behavior in Sports" methodology adapted to the Russian language (Kavussanu, Boardley, 2009).
Methods and structure of the study. The article is devoted to the problem of prevention of antisocial behavior in sports (doing an opponent or a team member an injury or insulting them, "professional foul", etc.) and shaping in athletes of prosocial behavior (assistance to injured athletes, moral support of teammates, etc.). Linguistic procedures were carried out to adapt the Prosocial and Antisocial Behavior in Sports methodology to the Russian language. The psychometric properties of the Russian version of the Prosocial and Antisocial Behavior in Sports methodology were presented and discussed. Sampled for the study were 126 athletes from Moscow and Ivanovo city. The data obtained were processed using the qualitative and quantitative analysis methods, including exploratory factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis, while the Mann-Whitney U-test was used for a series of binary comparisons. The calculations were made using SPSS 23 and Amos 23.
Results of the study and conclusions. In the majority of the examined athletes, antisocial behavior was situational, in relation to both their opponents and teammates (coaches). Most athletes demonstrated prosocial behavior towards their teammates. Prosocial behavior towards opponents was either frequent or infrequent. Antisocial behavior towards both teammates and opponents was more common in team sports. With increasing sports experience, there was an increase on all the scales of prosocial and antisocial behavior in sports.
The study proved the importance of prevention of antisocial behavior in sports and the formation of prosocial behavioral skills. The psychometric characteristics of the Russian version of Prosocial and Antisocial Behavior in Sports proved to be reliable, so Russian researchers can use this methodology to evaluate the degree of manifestations of prosocial and antisocial behavior in athletes.

Keywords: prosocial behavior, antisocial behavior, moral norms, sports psychology, psychometric research.

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