Preschooler motor activity control in terms of family education in aspect of sociological analysis

Dr.Hab., Professor L.N. Voloshina1
Dr.Hab., Professor V.L. Kondakov1
PhD, Associate Professor E.N. Kopeikina1
PhD I.G. Voloshina1
1Belgorod State National Research University, Belgorod

Objective of the study was to determine the degree of parents' readiness to manage the motor activity of their preschool-aged children in terms of family education.
Methods and structure of the study. The study involved 784 parents of the 4-6-year-olds attending the Municipal Budgetary Pre-School Educational Institutions No. 57, 64, 76, 86 and Municipal AutonomousPre-School Educational Institution No. 69 in Belgorod. The poll was conducted using the Internet opinion test service - "Yandex. Glance".
Results and conclusions. We identified the factors limiting the optimization of children's motor activity at home. The family members pay little attention to morning exercises, gymnastics on waking, and dynamic pauses. Restriction of children's motor activity in terms of family education is not only due to the inadequacy of the spatial and application environment but also due to the lack of experience in interaction within a mixed-aged group, lack of experience in the organization of small forms of health and fitness activities; insufficient attention given by adults to the alternation of children's activities, as well as the low level of self-esteem on the part of parents about their own role in raising a healthy preschooler. The authors acknowledge the ambiguity of the obtained data on the parents' assessment of their children's motor mode at home. An objective evaluation of its volume, intensity, time and comparative analysis requires diagnostic studies, which is the direction for further research.

Keywords: motor activity, readiness, regulation, optimization, family education, motor mode.


  1. Bochkarnikova N.V., Fomenko E.G., Samoylova N.I. Povyshenie dvigatelnoy aktivnosti kak osnova zdorovya doshkolnikov Chity [Increased motor activity as basis for health of preschoolers in Chita]. Fizicheskaya kultura i sport v usloviyakh globalizatsii obrazovaniya [Physical education and sports under globalization of education]. Proc. II International Research-Practical Conference. Transbaikal State University. 2014 (Chita, November 06-07, 2014). pp. 68-70.
  2. Butko M.A. K probleme defitsita dvigatelnoy aktivnosti detey mladshego shkolnogo vozrasta [To the problem of deficiency of motor activity of primary school students]. Fizicheskaya kultura i zdorovye. 2015. No. 2 (53). pp. 60-62.
  3. Buslovskaya L.K., Voloshina V.L., Vorobyeva G.E. et al. Dvigatelnaya aktivnost rastushchego cheloveka: ot teorii k praktike [Motor activity of growing person: from theory to practice]. Belgorod: Literaturny karavan publ., 2019. 176 p.
  4. Usakov V.I. Fizicheskaya kultura v semye: problemy i puti ikh resheniya [Family physical education: problems and solutions]. Vestnik Priamurskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta im. Sholom-Aleykhema. 2015. No.1 (18). pp. 109-113.
  5. Cools, W., De Martelaer, K., Samaey, C., Andries, C. (2011). Fundamental movement skill performance of preschool children in relation to family context. Journal of Sports Sciences, 29(7), 649-660.
  6. Hacke C, Ketelhut S, Wendt U, Muller G, Schlesner C, Ketelhut K. Effectiveness of a physical activity intervention in preschoolers: A cluster-randomized controlled trial. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports. 2019; 29 (5):742-52. 22.
  7. Niemisto D, Barnett LM, Cantell M, Finni T, Korhonen E, Saakslahti A. Socioecological correlates of perceived motor competence in 5-to 7-year-old Finnish children. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports. 2019; 29 (5):753-65. 24.
  8. Sanchez-Lopez M, Ruiz-Hermosa A, Redondo-Tebar A, Visier-Alfonso ME, Jimenez-Lopez E, Martinez-Andres M, et al. Rationale and methods of the MOVI-da10! Study -a cluster-randomized controlled trial of the impact of classroom-based physical activity programs on children's adiposity, cognition and motor competence. Bmc Public Health. 2019; 19.
  9. Voloshina L, Kondakov V, Kopeikina E, Tretyakov A, Galimskaya O. (2017). Investigation of Relationships in the Children's Team in the Process of Sports Gaming. Journal of History Culture and Art Research, 6(4): 277-285. doi:
  10. Voloshina LN, Kondakov VL, Tretyakov AA, Kopeikina EN, Cretu M, Potop V. Modern strategies for regulating the motor activity of preschool and school age children in the educational space. Pedagogics, psychology, medical-biological problems of physical training and sports, 2018; 22(2):114–119. doi:10.15561/18189172.2018.0208.