Psychological well-being of academic physical education teachers

Фотографии: 

PhD, Associate Professor E.A. Izotov1
Ya.I. Novitsky1
PhD, Associate Professor G.V. Soldatova2
1Saint-Petersburg Mining University, Saint-Petersburg
2Saint-Petersburg Academy of Postgraduate Pedagogical Education, Saint-Petersburg

Objective of the study was to determine psychological well-being of academic physical education teachers.
Methods and structure of the study. 22 physical education teachers and 25 teachers of other disciplines of St. Petersburg State University (of different sex, age and length of service) were subjected to a questionnaire survey, conducted according to the method of Perrudet-Badoux-Mendelsohn-Chiche adapted by A.A. Rukavichnikov "Scale of subjective well-being". The data obtained were processed by the methods of variation (determination of arithmetic mean and standard deviations) and mathematical (determination of the significance of differences by the Student t-criterion) statistics.
Results of the study and conclusion. University physical education teachers are characterized by a high level of psychological well-being, which is particularly clearly reflected in the emotional sphere and is of great positive importance for the educational process. In a number of indicators, they differ statistically significantly from teachers of other disciplines: they are less stressed and sensitive, have less psychiatric symptoms, not prone to mood swings and estimate their health higher. A comparative analysis of the groups of teachers by the criterion of pedagogical experience (before and after 15 years of professional activity) showed that with an increase in the length of service, negative changes occur in some indicators of psychological well-being: there is a decrease in self-esteem of health, an increase in the level of stress and sensitivity, as well as some functional mental disorders, which, apparently, is an age trend. At the same time, teachers with great experience are characterized by higher satisfaction with everyday activities. A comparative analysis of indicators of psychological well-being in the samples of male and female teachers did not show any significant differences.
Teaching physical education at a university is a positive factor in psychological well-being of an individual. However, with the growth of teaching experience, there may occur deformations, which may require some psychoprophylactic work with teachers.

Keywords: psychological well-being, physical education teachers, students

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