Software-methodical support of parachute training of young males aged 16-18 years


PhD, Associate Professor I.V.Erkomaishvili1
PhD, Associate Professor G.I. Semenova1
PhD, Associate Professor V.V. Gail1
1Ural Federal University named after First President of Russia B.N. Yeltsin, Yekaterinburg

Objective of the study was to scientifically substantiate the parachute training program for the 16-18 year-olds in conditions of the military-patriotic club "Omega".
Methods and structure of the study. The work was carried out on the basis of the military-patriotic club "Omega" in Revda, Sverdlovsk region, in the period from 2017 through 2019. A set of interrelated methods was applied: analysis and generalization of literary sources, questionnaire survey, expert evaluation, pedagogical observation, pilot testing, methods of mathematical statistics.
Study results and conclusions. The authors studied the current parachute training programs for both athletes and amateurs who want to skydive for the first time. Based on the analysis of the existing programs, an author's method of parachute training of young males aged 16-18 years was developed. The novelty of the author's program consists in the optimal combination of the theoretical and practical parts of the parachute training program, as well as the introduction into the training program of exercises for coordination and simulation of a parachute jump. These innovations enable young males to reduce the number of motor errors when skydiving. The point theoretical knowledge assessment system helps make a complex and fast estimation of the level of training for parachute jumping and ensure safety of parachute trainings. The study was conducted at the premises of the military-patriotic club "Omega" in Revda, Sverdlovsk region, in the period from 2017 through 2019. The implementation of the developed program led to positive changes. The analysis of the point system of evaluation of the academic training results showed that at the beginning of training only 45% of students received the highest score. Upon following the coach's recommendations for better assimilation of the material, all young males received the maximum score at the end of the academic year - 5 and were admitted to the introductory parachute jump.

Keywords: physical education and sports, parachute training, parachute layout and packing, introductory parachute jump.


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