Formation of conscious attitude of student youth to physical education and sports: problems and solutions

Фотографии: 

Dr.Hab., Professor Yu.F. Kuramshin1
PhD, Associate Professor L.V. Luik2
PhD, Associate Professor G.B. Dyachenko2
1National State University of Physical Culture, Sports and Health named after P.F. Lesgaft, St. Petersburg
2St. Petersburg Polytechnic University named after Peter the Great, St. Petersburg

Objective of the study was to analyze the factors determining students' attitudes to physical education and sports, as well as determine the ways to cultivate their conscious and active attitude to physical education and sports activities in university conditions.
Methods and structure of the study. The following methods were applied during the study: theoretical analysis and generalization of scientific and methodological literature. We generalized numerous empirical data of polling of non-sports university students related to their attitudes to academic physical education classes and extra-curricular physical education and sports activities.
Study results and conclusions. The analysis and systematization of the data on the students' value orientations and attitudes to the curricular and extra-curricular physical education and sports activities enabled to distinguish the following groups of typical attitudes: actively positive, passively positive, negative and neutral. The article presents the reasons that negatively affect physical education and sports activities, and ways to increase the activity of those involved in regular physical education and sports activities.
The study found that the students' attitudes to the physical education and sports activities during their university studies are influenced by two main groups of factors: subjective, reflecting the inner world of a student, his/ her spirituality, needs, motives, desires, interests, feelings, will, cognitive attitudes and orientations in terms of physical training activity; objective, lying outside the subject of the activity and associated with the conditions and technologies of organization of the training sessions at the university. In order to form

Keywords: personal physical culture, physical education of students, value orientations, conscious attitude.

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