PhD N.V. Nikiforov1
Dr.Hab., Professor S.N. Nikitin2
Applicant A.G. Dyachkovsky1
1Ammosov North-Eastern Federal University, Yakutsk
2Lesgaft National State University of Physical Education, Sport and Health, St. Petersburg
The article considers the technical-tactical methods used at the initial training stage with due regard to the scientifically substantiated sequence of training based on the principles of systematization of fighting techniques, combination of repeated and intermittent motor actions and a rational hapsagay training sequence. A motor control technology, in which each action is to be repeated as few times as possible from identical positions, element by elements, thus achieving a rational structure only but not practicing it until it turns into a skill, served as a methodological basis for the method development. The proposed methodology of annual training of hapsagay wrestlers at the initial stage was tested by an educational experiment, which involved the first-year students of the Ammosov North-Eastern Federal University. The technical and tactical fitness in hapsagay were assessed based on the following indicators: activity, versatility, effectiveness, variability, combinability. The methodology of combining repeated and intermittent motor actions consisted of 8 periods that included 9 lessons each, when this fighting technique needs to be improved in the "training" mode under standard (stable) external conditions and in the mode of "changing" variable conditions (the method of changing the fighting conditions). The transition to probabilistic prediction of a bout happens through the use of additional knockout blows rather than immediately after getting into the "habit" (automatization).
Keywords: wrestling, technique and tactics of wrestling, training process, methodology, research.
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