Artificial intelligence in sports: potentialities and implementation ways and tools

Artificial intelligence in sports: potentialities and implementation ways and tools

ˑ: 

PhD P.M. Morkhat
Institute for Advanced Studies of Kutafin Moscow State Law University (MSLU), Moscow

The study analyzes legal, actual and technical means and potentialities for artificial intelligence technology elements/ units being implemented in modern sports, including elements of artificial intelligence applicable in the sport refereeing service in competitions to ensure the service being fair and unbiased; in the points scoring; in detection of violations; in the government management of the sports sector, including the risk assessment and contingency planning components; in the individual and team coaching service; in the sport event broadcasting service; in the sport forecasts; in the sport science with concern to sport biomechanics; in the new training system designs; in the sport equipment and accessories design and production processes; in the sport garments and footwear designs; in the anti-doping control service etc. The study analyzes in detail the pros and cons of the artificial intelligence technologies and units application in modern sports. It was found that at this juncture and in the nearest future the existing artificial intelligence technologies will unlikely fully replace the traditional sport referees by their artificial intelligence-technology-based electronic versions. However, artificial intelligence technology applications in sports are quite promising, particularly in supporting, processing and potentially corruptive operations in the sport management system.

Keywords: sports, sport laws, sport legislation framework, lex sportiva, artificial intelligence, artificial intelligence-assisted refereeing service.

References

  1. Gibridnaya (yuridicheskaya, organizatsionnaya, informatsionnaya) voyna protiv rossiyskogo sporta. Yuridicheskiy analiz dokumentov VADA i MOK protiv rossiyskogo sporta 2015–2017 gg.: Sb. [Hybrid (legal, organizational, information) war against Russian sport. Legal analysis of WADA and IOC documents against Russian sport 2015-2017: Col.]. Sports. law specialist consortium. Moscow: Buki Vedi publ., 2018, 401 p.
  2. Ispolzovanie tekhnologiy iskusstvennogo intellekta v gosudarstvennom upravlenii [Use of artificial intelligence technologies in public administration]. Teoriya publichnogo upravleniya. Uchebnik [Theory of public administration. Textbook]. ISSM RANEPA. Moscow: Buki Vedi publ., 2017, pp. 311–313.
  3. Bartlett R. Artificial Intelligence in Sports Biomechanics: New Dawn or False Hope?  Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 2006, December, vol. 5, no. 4, pp. 474–479.
  4. Biswas R. Continuous Fuzzy Evaluation Methods: A Novel Tool for the Analysis and Decision Making in Football (or Soccer) Matches: New Innovative Proposal to FIFA & UEFA. Cham (Switzerland): Springer, 2018, xxi; 68 p.
  5. Cui J., Liu Z., Xu L. Modelling and simulation for table tennis referee regulation based on finite state machine. Journal of Sports Sciences, 2017, vol. 35, no.19, pp. 1888–1896.
  6. De Vleeschouwer C. Autonomous Production of Sport Video Summaries. ERCIM News, 2010, no. 82, pp. 53–54.
  7. Fister, Jr. I., Ljubič K., Nagaratnam Suganthan P., Perc M., Fister I. Computational intelligence in sports: Challenges and opportunities within a new research domain. Applied Mathematics and Computation, 2015, vol. 262, pp. 178–186.
  8. Lapham A.C., Bartlett R.M. The use of artificial intelligence in the analysis of sports performance: A review of applications in human gait analysis and future directions for sports biomechanics. Journal of Sports Sciences, 1995, vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 229–237.
  9. Novatchkov H., Baca A. Artificial Intelligence in Sports on the Example of Weight Training. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 2013, vol. 12, pp. 27–37.
  10. Vasant D. What Is the Role of Artificial Intelligence in Sports? Big Data, 2017, September, vol. 5,no 3, pp. 173–174.