Middle-distance runners’ middle-altitude training process management mode

Middle-distance runners’ middle-altitude training process management mode

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PhD, Associate Professor I.V. Mosin1
PhD, Associate Professor M.N. Esaulov1
I.N. Mosina1
1National Research Nuclear University under Moscow Engineering Physics Institute, Moscow

The study analyzes benefits of the middle-altitude training process management model for middle-distance runners with lactate tests. The model testing experiment was completed at sport base in Kislovodsk located 800-850m above the sea level, with the athletes tested prior to and in days 4-6-8-10-12-14 of the training cycle. The trainings were designed to include 8х500m low-intensity races (LIR) with 500m breaks; plus 3х200m LIR with 200m breaks; 5х1000m LIR with 1000m breaks; 3х400m LIR with 400m breaks; 3х2000m LIR with 1000 breaks; and 3х200m uphill jumps. The training days were alternated by rehabilitative cross-country races taking 30/ 50min in the morning/ evening, respectively. Sampled for the experiment were the 18-19 years old Class I and CMS skiers (n=12, including 7 males and 5 females), with the training process intensity customized to the individual fitness and training needs of the athletes. The sample was tested for lactate level and HR.
The study data and analysis show that the middle-altitude training process shall be managed to keep the lactate rates naturally high in the first training days followed by their modest reduction in the second and third weeks by 2-3 mmol. Coaches are recommended to design and manage the training process versus the individual physical progress tests to secure a good competitive progress.

Keywords: middle altitudes, junior athletes, blood lactate, HR, optimal training load.

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