Biological markers for targeted action timing and phasing in archery

Biological markers for targeted action timing and phasing in archery


Dr.Biol., Professor A.B. Trembach1
Postgraduate O.I. Shestakov1
PhD T.V. Ponomareva1
E.R. Minikhanova1
1Kuban State University of Physical Culture, Sports and Tourism, Krasnodar

Archery may be classified with the sport disciplines driven by targeted skillful actions. Movement accuracy is secured by a harmonized sequence of actions with the shooting process phasing and timing being a key for success. Objective of the study was too profile the shooting process timing by biomechanic, electromyographic (EMG), electroencephalographic (EEG) and autonomic functionality indices. Four Russian Masters of Sports were sampled for the standard shooting sequence profiling test to obtain the following test data: kinematic parameters of the radiocarpal joints fixed with discretion frequencies of 50HZ and 120Hz; EMG of 8 core muscles; EEG in 19 points; electro-oculograms; pneumograms; ECG with application of motor activity sensors; and with WinEEG software applied to process and analyze the EEG test data. The movement profiling by the biological markers made it possible to identify the key functional periods and phases in the setup, preparation and execution of a shot. Setup period I was classified into two phases to reach an optimal prime vertical posture. Dynamic vertical-posture period II includes three phases. And aiming period III includes two phases followed by a shot. The biological markers to profile the radiocarpal joints fluctuations versus the EEG data made it possible to analyze the functionality rates in periods I and III and find their variations versus the shooting accuracy rate.

Keywords: archery, shooting process timing and phasing, biological markers of periods.


  1. Belous P.A., Borshch M.K. Analiz vremennykh i elektromiograficheskikh parametrov v otsenke kachestva tekhniki dvizheniy strelkov iz luka [Analysis of temporal and electromyographic parameters in movement technique assessment in archery]. Applied Sports Science, 2017, no. 1 (5), pp. 4-11.
  2. Buchatskaya I.N., Gorodnichev R.M. Dinamika elektricheskoy aktivnosti myshts strelkov iz luka v khode mnogokratno povtoryayushchikhsya vystrelov [Dynamics of electric activity of muscles of archers during recurrent shots]. Teoriya i praktika fizicheskoy kultury, 2015, no. 1, pp.  32-35.
  3. Napalkov D.A., Ratmanova P.O., Kolikov M.B. Apparatnye metody diagnostiki i korrektsii funktsionalnogo sostoyaniya strelka. Metod. rekom. [Hardware methods for diagnosing and correcting archer's functional state. Method. rec.]. Moscow: MAX Press publ., 2009, 212  p.
  4. Trembach A.B., Ponomareva T.V., Lipatnikova M.A. et al Dinamika moshchnosti spektra EEG v posledovatelnye vremennye intervaly pritselivaniya na primere strelby iz luka [Dynamics of EEG spectrum power in consecutive time aiming intervals (case study of archery)]. Mat. nauchnoy i nauch-prakt. konf. professorsko-prepodavatelskogo sostava KGUFKST [Proc. scie. and res.-pract. conf. KSUPEST faculty]. June 21-27 2016. Krasnodar: KSUPEST publ., 2016,pp. 169–171.
  5. Ki Sik Lee Total Archery Inside the archer. Astra LLC. 2009, P. 256.
  6. Twigg, Peter, Sigurnjak, Stephen, Southall, Exploration of the effect of EEG Levels in experienced archers. Measurement and Control, 47 (6), 2014, pp. 185–190.