PhD, Associate Professor K.E. Lagvilava1
Dr.Hab., Professor A.S. Makhov2
Dr.Sc.Psych., Professor E.A. Petrova2
Dr.Sc.Psych, Associate Professor N.A. Tsvetkova3
1Pskov State University, Pskov
2Russian State Social University, Moscow
3Research Institute of Federal Penitentiary Service of Russia, Moscow
Objective of the study was to analyze the personality determinants of adolescent physical injury rates in advanced sport training process. Subject to the study were 52 adolescents (aged 12 years on average) trained at different advanced sport training establishments and undergoing medical treatment service at the Children’s Orthopaedic/ Traumatologic Division of the Pskov region Hospital to cure their sport injuries. The Reference Group was composed of their non-sporting peers (n=30) diagnosed with different chronic diseases and provided scheduled preventive health service at the Somatic Division of the same hospital. For the study purposes we applied a set of psychodiagnostic tests designed to profile social adaptation experiences of the sample, their motivations, emotional responses and biologically predetermined traits; and then offer the frame socio-psychological injury-prevention model. The study data and analyses showed that the seriously injured adolescents, in contrast to their peers diagnoses with the somatic diseases, were tested with the following personality traits: undifferentiated type of temperament; low nervous control and mental balancing rates; failure avoidance motivations; special priority to communication; proneness to adaptive conflict-settlement behavioral models; externality (with external locus control); high predisposition to risks; expressed personality anxiety; emotional rigidity; and anxiety-suppression behaviour. Based on the study data, we designed a socio-psychological injury prevention program applicable by sport psychologists to serve the adolescents tested as highly exposed to risks of physical injuries due to the relevant personality traits.
Keywords: adolescent injury rates, personality determinants, socio-psychological injury prevention program.
- Bakulin V.S., Gretskaya I.B., Bogomolova M.M. et al. Sportivny travmatizm. Profilaktika i reabilitatsiya. Ucheb. posobie [Sports injuries. Prevention and rehabilitation. Textbook]. Volgograd: VSAPhC publ., 2013, 135 p.
- Veselkova K.E. Analiz issledovaniy sotsialno-psikhologicheskikh aspektov podrostkovogo travmatizma [Analysis of studies of socio-psychological aspects of adolescent traumas]. Mater. kruglogo stola s mezhdunar. uchastiem «Problema upravleniya chelovecheskimi resursami v usloviyakh innovatsionnogo razvitiya ekonomiki Rossii», posvyaschennogo 20-letiyu sotsialnoy raboty v Rossii [Proc. round table with intern. participation "The problem of human resources management under innovative development of Russian economy", dedicated to the 20th anniversary of social work in Russia]. Novokuznetsk: SibSIU publ., pp. 43-50.
- Veselkova K.E. Soprovozhdenie sotsialno-psikhologicheskoy adaptatsii podrostkov s tyazhelymi fizicheskimi travmami [Follow-up of socio-psychological adaptation of adolescents with severe physical traumas]. Teoriya i praktika obschestvennogo razvitiya. [Electronic resource]. 2011, no. 7. Informregister Code: 0421000093\0513. Available at: http://teoria-practica.ru/rus/files/arhiv_ zhurnala/2011/7/psixologiya/veselkova.pdf.
- Sportivnye travmy. Osnovnye printsipy profilaktiki i lecheniya [Sports injuries. Basic principles of prevention and treatment]. P.A.F.H. Renstrem. Kiev: Olimpiyskaya literatura publ., 2002, 378 p.
- Sethi D., Towner E., Vincenten J., Segui-Gomez M., Racioppi F. Evropean report on child injury prevention. Denmark: WHO Regional Office for Europe, 2008, 118 p.