Dominating body builds versus fingerprints analyzing method to identify prospects in artistic gymnastics
Dr.Biol., Professor R.V. Tambovtseva1
Master degree student A.V. Zagorskaya1
1Russian State University of Physical Education, Sport, Youth and Tourism (GTSOLIFK), Moscow
Both modern artistic gymnastics and sport acrobatics are the highly demanding and complexly coordinated sport disciplines. Progress in sport acrobatics is highly sensitive to not only the coordination abilities as such but also to the individual speed-strength qualities and flexibility rates that are no less meaningful. Subject to tests under the study were highly-skilled female artistic gymnasts and sport acrobats (n=28). The tests were designed to obtain their anthropometrical measurements and fingerprints (dermatoglyphic patterns). The study found that the athletes tested with the WL-, LW- and L10-type fingerprints and asthenic-thoracic/ thoracic/ masculine body builds tend to be more successful in the modern artistic gymnastics and sport acrobatics – as opposed to the athletes tested with the AL- and ALW-type fingerprints and asthenic/ digestive body builds that statistically seldom if ever succeed in these sport disciplines.
Keywords: artistic gymnastics, sport acrobatics, body build, dermatoglyphycs, fingerprints, physical qualities, coordination ability, flexibility, speed-strength qualities.
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