Dr.Hab., Professor Sh.Z. Khubbiev1
Associate Professor S.M. Lukina1
PhD S.A. Khismatullin2
PhD, Associate Professor V.V. Trunin3
1St. Petersburg State University, St. Petersburg
2Herzen State Pedagogical University of Russia, St. Petersburg
3Rimsky-Korsakov St. Petersburg State Conservatory, St. Petersburg
Keywords: concept, bachelor education, education course, education vector, education module, education route/ trajectory.
Background. Bachelor training system may be described as a complicated process which quality and outcomes are largely determined by students’ individual motivations. It is highly important for the student to opt for the educational course reasonably versatile and customisable for the individual needs to secure good progress in the professional career.
What optional education courses are available for bachelors at Saint Petersburg State University (SPSU)? Analysis of the FSHES 3+ for 49.03.01 Physical Education discipline implementation process and the relevant bachelor training courses offered at national physical education universities, academies, institutes and physical education departments of non-sports higher educational establishments demonstrates that bachelor training courses are not provided at present in the Academic Physical Education and Sports discipline.
However, the demand for bachelors in this discipline is on the rise for a number of reasons: (1) The Federal State Higher Education Standards (FSHES) for the physical culture and sports sector are being under implementation. (2) National sport community increasingly realises the need for the education specialists highly competent in the following: (а) education, development, research and practical education process control and management at national universities and institutes (in positions of administrators, division managers, centre directors, service/ department managers etc.); departments (in positions of deans, their assistants and faculty); sub-departments (in positions of heads, their assistants, division managers etc.); research laboratories, centres and parks (in management and other positions); advanced education establishments etc.; (b) academic sports and sport club management on behalf of the relevant education establishment and/or its departments.
The growing need for bachelors in Physical Education and Sports is further demonstrated by the practical experience of the professional retraining curriculum for the Academic Physical Education and Sports Specialist that is rapidly gaining popularity among the students.
Objective of the study was to provide substantiations for the conceptual basics for the bachelor training course in the 49.03.01 Physical Education discipline.
Study results and discussion. The Academic Physical Education and Sports discipline should be designed to include a few education modules that offer a few education paths and trajectories to both meet the demand of the modern labour markets and help the students make an informed choice of the education program specialization as required by the individual preferences and interests.
It is the professional specialities (educational, coaching, recreational, management, research, cultural and elucidative) that may be applied to design the above education modules in the academic bachelor training curriculum .
Having mastered, for instance, the pedagogical domain, the graduate must be competent and fit for this particular activity, and also prepared to take other responsibilities as required for the pedagogical position. This rule applies to other bachelor training modules. Therefore, the student must first choose a vocational course and education module and then outline own education path and trajectory within the relevant bachelor training curriculum.
As things now stand at SPSU, the bachelor training in the Physical Education and Sports discipline is regulated by the valid FSHES 3+ for the 49.03.01 Physical Education discipline (bachelor course) and the relevant SPSU standard for the bachelor training curriculum.
The Academic Physical Education and Sports discipline offers the following modules: Module 1 “Academic Physical Education and Sports Specialist” designed to train physical education and sports personnel for the national higher education system; Module 2 “Cultural and Elucidation Activity Service in the Academic Physical Education and Sports” designed to train education specialists to manage the following: academic sports; academic sport clubs; active recreation with elucidative and developmental goals; different games, contests, quiz games, sport groups, parties, mass physical culture and sport events and festivals; amateur associations, clubs etc.; Module 3 “Recreational Academic Physical Education and Sports” intended to train education specialists to design and manage the following: recreational initiatives in academic sports; sport entertainment; and sports and health activity; Module 4 “Academic Physical Education and Sports Management” that implies training of education specialists prepared to: (1) Attain professional goals in a competent manner in different positions at university, institute, department or sub-department being able to design and manage education, cultural, research and practical activities; (2) Manage academic sports and sport clubs at every level of the academic sport system; Module 5 “Research in Academic Physical Education and Sports” intended to train education specialists to design and manage the following: research in position of the academic research laboratory/ centre/ park manager; Module 6 “Vocational Academic Sport Coach” designed to train education specialists to competently design and manage the athletic training in vocational academic sports offered at the relevant university.
The above modules are customizable by the individual education paths and trajectories to build up the individual education specialist’s competency in the most efficient manner as follows: (1) Under the valid curricula of the relevant education establishments (university, academy, physical culture institute) for the relevant specialities including Physical Education and Adaptive Physical Education; under the advanced education/ skills improvement/ professional retraining curricula in the physical education domain; in the academic non-sport establishments for the specialists who need a basic competency in the field of physical education to be able to give a background physical and sport education to lawyers, financial experts, economists, managers, teachers, engineers, humanitarians, physicians, actors, musicians, artists etc.;
(2) Under the valid curricula of the relevant education establishments with special requirements to the education activity as dictated by the local climatic, geographic, social, economic, demographic, ethnic and cultural conditions in different regions of the Russian Federation; and for education in foreign universities.
Implementation specifics of the Academic Physical Education and Sports curriculum: (1) Having entered the university, the newcomer must choose the vocational education course and program specialization; and by the end of the second (or first) academic year he/she must opt for the education module and the education path/ trajectory; (2) When the bachelor training course under the 49.03.01 Physical Education curriculum starts, the first entrants may be recommended to choose Module 1 “Academic Physical Education and Sports Specialist” in view of the fact that the existing faculty of the Physical Education and Sport Department has a four-year-long practical experience in this Module (which curriculum corresponds to the valid professional retraining curriculum); (3) Later on the other education modules must be offered in the above described succession. High quality of training under each module may be secured by the highly competent human resource contracted from the relevant SPSU departments and institutes and other universities. Thus Module 4 “Academic Physical Education and Sports Management” needs to be delivered by the academic staff of the Law Department and Higher School of Management with due emphasis on sport laws, legal and regulatory provisions for physical culture and sports, sport management/ administration, sport marketing issues etc.
Education model advancement prospects for the national physical culture and sports sector specialists are related to the following: (1) Recently launched bachelor and master education curricula for Management (including sport administration, sport management, sport facility management etc. courses) and Law (including sports law, legal culture in the physical culture sector etc.) and other specialties. These efforts will be facilitated by the existing resource of the classical university with the relevant provisions put in place when the Academic Physical Education and Sports curricula are implemented; (2) Modern sport facilities and other physical education and sport assets put in operation at SPSU have provided the necessary and sufficient conditions for education in the 49.03.01 Physical Education and Vocational Athletic Training disciplines; (3) The educational curricula were put in compliance with the revised FSES harmonised with the Federal Professional Standards (FPS) for Athlete, Sport Referee, Trainer-instructor in Adaptive Physical Education and Sports, Coach, Physical Culture and Sport Institution/ Division Manager, Sport Stock and Equipment Operation and Maintenance Specialist (compliant with FSES 3++). It should be noted that the traditions of a classical university will secure special quality of and innovative emphasis in the education process; (4) New professional retraining and skills improvement system was put in place for the physical education and sport specialists with a high priority given to the innovative trends in the basic academic physical education and sport specialist education in Russia and abroad.
Conclusion. Bachelor training process under the 49.03.01 Physical Education Course needs to be governed by the frame education curriculum with a special priority given to its versatility, focus on the future and fundamental approach. The curriculum must include the relevant education courses designed on a modular basis, with each module customisable to individual education paths and trajectories with account of the students’ needs and preferences, professional development expectations, careers and due competitiveness on the physical education service markets. The frame education curriculum needs to be adaptable to a wide variety of physical education environments and compliant with traditions and resources of a classical university; and it must make a due emphasis on the original, innovative and interdisciplinary aspects of the educational process design, with due respect to the SPSU traditions and values. It is to be noted that the bachelor training curricula need to be reasonably limited in the range of education program specializations.
- Prikaz Minobrnauki Rossii ot 07.08.2014 no. 935 «Ob utverzhdenii federalnogo gosudarstvennogo obrazovatelnogo standarta vysshego obrazovaniya po napravleniyu podgotovki 49.03.01 – “Fizicheskaya kultura (uroven bakalavriata)"» (Zaregistrirovano v Minyuste Rossii 25.08.2014 33796) [Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Russia 08/08/2014 no. 935 "On approval of the federal state educational standard of higher education in 49.03.01 - Physical Education specialization (Bachelor's Level)" (Registered in the Ministry of Justice of Russia on August 25, 2013 33796)].
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The article overviews the key provisions of the bachelor physical education system design in the academic 49.03.01 Physical Education discipline at Saint Petersburg State University. As provided by the design concept, the main bachelor education curriculum must include the relevant training fields composed of the modules with the relevant education paths/ trajectories customized to students’ expectations, professional progress paths and careers, with due emphasis on their competitiveness on the physical education market. The main education curriculum needs to be adapted to the changing physical education environments in the context of the practical education opportunities offered at a classical university and at the same time be original, innovative, interdisciplinary and compliant with the educational traditions of Saint Petersburg State University.