Role of sports in national policies in opinions of Russian politicians and citizens

Role of sports in national policies in opinions of Russian politicians and citizens


PhD, Associate Professor A.N. Grishanina1
Dr.Sc.Pol., Professor G.S. Melnik1
PhD, Associate Professor N.O. Sveshnikova1
Dr.Sc.Hist., Professor N.Y. Olesich1
1St. Petersburg State University, St. Petersburg

The study analyses results of the questionnaire survey of the Russian population to poll the public attitudes to the Olympics in Vancouver where the Russian team ended up unusually low on the scoreboard. The questionnaire survey was designed to obtain opinions of ordinary residents, politicians and government officers on the role of sports in the national policies. The study data and analysis confirmed the hypothesis of certain correlation between the sport conceptions formed by the government offices and public attitudes to sports. The study applied the Swartz Probe to test the respondents’ values and priorities in the sports domain. The government officers’ opinions were rated by the content analysis of their speeches on sport matters. Correlation analysis of the survey data showed that the respondents tend to accept sports as a genuine component of a healthy lifestyle, good business for the young people, professional field, and a critical part of the national culture. It is important that the respondents generally accept the modern sports as a part of governmental policies albeit their attitudes to the latter are expressly negative on the whole.

Keywords: sports, Olympic Games, civism, mass media, national policy, Vancouver, Sochi-2014.


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