Nutrition in sports: present situation and prospects

Nutrition in sports: present situation and prospects


PhD, Associate Professor M.A. Kuznetsova1
Dr.Med., Professor S.V. Klochkova1
Postgraduate S.V. Lavrinenko2
Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Professor D.B. Nikityuk2
1I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University of the Ministry of Health of the RF, Moscow
2Federal Research Center for Nutrition, Biotechnology and Food Safety, Moscow

The study overviews the present situation with the sport nutrition, specifies the priority issues for discussion and analyses progress opportunities in this area. Due nutrition is increasingly recognized as one of the key conditions for the athletes being healthy and successful in sports since the modern training systems claim growing energy costs. Sport researchers have developed efficient diets for different sports, with special foodstuffs of high biological value being increasingly applied in the high-calorie diets. The study offers an analytical overview of the available literature on the special foodstuffs and diets applicable in the sport systems and new developments in this field. The Federal Research Centre for Nutrition, Biotechnologies and Food Safety has developed and tested a new “NutriSport” multilevel test system to diagnose nutritional deficiencies and optimize the athletes’ diets to improve their adaptation resource, sport form and competitive progress”. The new test and diet system offers special individual diets for elite athletes customized for their personal needs – analyzed by the high-tech physicality, adaptability and nutritional status test methods. Benefits of the new system have been many times proved in practice and verified by the athletes’ competitive progress in different competitive events.

Keywords: elite sports, nutritional status, foods for particular nutritional uses.


  1. Aghajanyan N.A., Shabatura N.N. Bioritmy, sport, zdorovie [Biorhythms, sports, health]. Moscow: Fizkultura i sport publ., 1989, 208 p.
  2. Aghajanyan N.A., Polataiko Y.A. Ekologiya, zdorovie, sport [Ecology, health, sports]. Moscow: Ivano-Frankovsk: Plai publ., 2002, 304 p.
  3. Azizbekyan G.A., Nikityuk D.B., Pozdnyakov A.L. et al Teoreticheskie predposylki k razrabotke individualnogo pitaniya sportsmenov [Theoretical background to development of individual nutrition for athletes]. Voprosy pitaniya, 2009, vol.78, no.2, pp. 73-77.
  4. Virovets O.A. O povyshennykh poteryakh makro- i mikroelementov pri zanyatiyakh sportom i tselesoobraznosti ikh kompensatsii biologicheski aktivnymi dobavkami [On increased losses of macro- and microelements in sports and appropriateness of their compensation with biologically active additives]. Voprosy pitaniya, 2009, vol. 78, no. 2, pp.67-73.
  5. Dembo A.G. Vrachebny kontrol v sporte [Medical control in sports]. Moscow: Meditsina publ., 1988, 279 p.
  6. Dubrovskiy V.I. Reabilitatsiya v sporte [Rehabilitation in sports]. Moscow: Fizkultura i sport, 1991, 206 p.
  7. Mokeeva E.G. Immunnye disfunktsii i ikh profilaktika u vysokovalifitsirovannykh sportsmenov. Avtoreferat dokt. Dis. [Immune dysfunction and its prevention in highly skilled athletes. Doct. diss. Abstract]. St. Petersburg, 2009, 40 p.
  8. Kodentsova V.M., Vrzhesinskaya O.A., Nikityuk D.B. Vitaminy v pitanii sportsmenov [Vitamins in athletes’ diet]. Voprosy pitaniya, 2009, vol. 78, no.3, pp. 67-77.
  9. Nikityuk D.B., Pozdnyakov A.L. Primenenie antropometricheskogo podkhoda v prakticheskoy meditsine: nekotorye kliniko-antropologicheskie paralleli [Anthropometric approach in practical medicine: some clinical and anthropological parallels]. Voprosy pitaniya, 2007, vol.76, no.4, pp.26-31.
  10. Normy fiziologicheskikh potrebnostey v energii i pischevykh veschestvakh dlya razlichnykh grupp naseleniya Rossiyskoy Federatsii. Metodicheskie rekomendatsii MR [Norms of physiological needs in energy and nutrients for various groups of Russian population. Methodical recommendations MR]. Electronic fund of legal and normative technical documentation. 2008, 41 p. Available at: (Date of access: 28.11.2017)
  11. Oleinik S.A., Gunina L.M., Seyfulla R.D. et al Sportivnaya farmakologiya i dietologiya [Sports Pharmacology and Dietology]. Moscow - St. Petersburg - Kiev: Dialektika, 2008, 134 p.
  12. Pokrovskiy A.A. Rekomendatsii po pitaniyu sportsmenov [Athletes’ dietary recommendations]. Moscow, 1975, 30 p.