PhD I.S. Semibratova1
1Lesgaft National State University of Physical Culture, Sport and Health, St. Petersburg
It is common knowledge that competitors in rhythmic gymnastics events are always affected by multiple external disturbing factors that may be detrimental for their routine execution quality. It is not unusual that female gymnasts are highly sensitive to disturbing factors and make multiple errors in competitions due to their disturbance immunity being too low. Thus it is important to have customized the disturbance immunity building training to the individual temperaments and nervous system types of the group members. Objective of the study was to identify disturbing factors for group routines in rhythmic gymnastics versus competitors’ individual temperaments. We applied for the study purposes the relevant performance tests, interviews, questioning surveys and education process monitoring tools.
The study found the following most serious disturbing factors irrespective of the individual temperaments: congestion in the warm-up zones; sunlight in the competitive floor areas; too high ceiling in the hall; delays in the team access to the floor for different reasons; presence of referees and/or competitors in the training zone; coach’s absence in the team precompetitive conditioning for the routine; too noisy spectators; declarations of the competitors’ scores; and unusual noises in the hall and audience.
Keywords: disturbance immunity, external factors, external and internal disturbances, sport, competitions, rhythmic gymnastics, group routines.
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