Dr.Hab., Professor D.V. Fonarev1
PhD T.V. Kugusheva1
PhD, Associate Professor Т.А. Kheruvimova1
Chaykovsky State Institute of Physical Culture, Chaykovsky
Keywords: conference, physical culture, physical education, healthy and safe lifestyle, Russian Physical Culture and Sports "Ready for Labour and Defence" (GTO) Complex.
Background. The article briefly overviews proceedings of the Russian Research-Practical Conference “Priority Issues of Physical Education and Healthy and Safe Lifestyle Promotion in the National Educational System” that was held at Chaykovsky State Institute of Physical Culture.
The Russian Theoretical and Practical Conference “Priority Issues of Physical Education and Healthy and Safe Lifestyle Promotion in the National Educational System” was scheduled for April 14, 2017 by the Ministry of Sports of the Russian Federation Order #1357 of December 29, 2016. The goal of the scientific forum was to share and disseminate the best practical experience of how the priority issues are solved in the physical education, healthy and safe lifestyles promotion domain .
100 visitors from 10 federal subjects of Russia participated in the Conference including Moscow, Moscow region, Krasnoyarsk region, Komi Republic, Tatarstan Republic, Khanty-Mansi Autonomous (Yugra) Region, Udmurt Republic, Volgograd region, Belgorod region and Perm Territory. The participants made presentations and reports on the following key topics: health agenda formation problems classified by age groups (children, adolescents, young people etc.); effects of the individualised approach and activity systemizing approach on the physical education system; sport reserve training issues; and the key theoretical grounds for the Russian Physical Culture and Sports "Ready for Labour and Defence" (GTO) Complex reinstatement in the country.
In their reports and presentations on different issues of improvement of the national physical education system the researchers and preschool/ school education specialists gave a high priority to a few process inputs including: world outlook fundamentals (by Dr. Hab., Professor D.V. Fonarev, PhD, Professor S.M. Pogudin, Postgraduate A.G. Sukhikh); theoretical and practical fundamentals (by Dr. Hab., Professor V.V. Markelov, PhD, Professor F.D. Mukhamityanov; Physical Instructor G.E. Kocheva); key institutional capacities (by PhD, Assistant Professor E.O. Rybakova, Master M.A. Danilova, Physical Educators M.A. Dyuzhikova, E.V. Chupakhina); and the programmatic regulatory basics (by PhD, Assistant Professor T.N. Shutova, Teacher A.V. Sharayeva).
Thus, Postgraduate A.G. Sukhikh and Professor D.V. Fonarev (CSIPC) reported that the activity systemizing education model based on an individualised approach applied in the general education school system will bring benefits conditional on the key provisions of the biosocial Integrated Personality Concept by O.I. Motkov being implemented in practice.
Professor S.M. Pogudin (CSIPC) reported to the Conference the conceptual basics of the biological and pedagogical determinants of the children’s and adolescents’ motor activity. The biological determinants of the human motor activity, in opinion of Professor S.M. Pogudin, are interrelated and, being controlled by the motor control structures of the central nervous system, regulate the demand of children and adolescents for motor activity.
Professor V.V. Markelov (Perm State Humanitarian Pedagogic University) reported the academic athletes’ morphological and social statuses as opposed to those of their non-sporting peers showing an underdeveloped demand for motor activity.
A research team under leadership of PhD, Associate Professor E.O. Rybakova and Master M.A. Danilova (CSIPC) reported benefits of the CrossFit-based fitness industry for athletic training systems.
A report by PhD, Professor F.D. Mukhamityanov triggered a stormy discussion in the audience. The Professor believes that practical training activities may be classified into the following four key education system design approaches: pragmatic, regulated pragmatic, individualised and humanistic.
Problems of the healthy and safe lifestyle formation in the general education system were addressed in the articles of O.V. Zubanova, E.V. Korotkova, T.V. Kugusheva, D.V. Solomennikov, N.N. Trefilova, V.A. Shustova, and N.F. Shaburova. It should be noted that their studies are highly topical at present and address every level of the national education system .
Preschool physical education and health improvement process design and management issues with concern to the safe and healthy lifestyle building culture were considered in the study of N.N. Trefilova.
Of high interest for the audience was the report of Postgraduate D.V. Solomennikov on some issues of the life safety culture building in the general education system. The author has analysed the existing legal and regulatory provisions for the life safety culture building initiatives starting from the Federal legislative level – in the context of the educational process design analysis; identified the key problems for the initiatives and offered potential solutions for these problems.
Healthy lifestyle building culture in the academic education process was studied in the article of Associate Professor T.V. Kugusheva. The article gives an account of the objective and subjective factors of influence on the healthy lifestyle building culture in the academic education process and spells out the key educational provisions for success of the initiatives.
The Conference gave a special priority to the Russian Physical Culture and Sports "Ready for Labour and Defence" (GTO) Complex reinstatement and implementation in the national education system. The relevant issues were addressed in the articles of V.V. Novokreschenov, V.A. Uvarov, A.S. Bakharev, S.V. Kostareva, M.A. Kustova, N.I. Medvedkova, T.A. Fedorova and A.V. Fursov.
Doctor of pedagogical sciences, Professor V.V. Novokreschenov, a leading GTO Complex implementation specialist (from Izhevsk State Technical University named after M.T. Kalashnikov) presented the key theoretical grounds for the GTO Complex implementation. The researcher mentioned that the Ministry of Sports of the Russian Federation had made a decision to order special broad-based physical fitness research in 2014-2015 to obtain inclusive age-specific health data for the age groups from 8 to 70+ years and apply this database in well-grounded regulatory provisioning process. As a result of the studies, a physical fitness database was formed including 373 physical fitness rating tests forming a basis for the GTO Complex Class I-IX test system and the relevant 912 test standards for the GTO Gold, Silver and Bronze Badges. As provided by the GTO Complex Staged Implementation Plan approved by the Government of Russian Federation back in 2014, the state test standards of the GTO Complex will be revised once in 4 years pursuant to the Government of Russian Federation Regulation #79 of January 26, 2017 .
Progress of the GTO Complex implementation in the Chaykovsky Municipal District was reported by D.V. Paranin, Physical Culture and Sports Division Head of the Chaykovsky Municipal District Administration. The reporter was optimistic about the growth trend in qualifications for and participation in the GTO Complex tests in the Chaykovsky Municipal District population, with 2357 people reported to have registered on the GTO Complex website as of April 2017, and 42 people reported to have won the GTO Badges in 2017.
Conclusion. Based on proceedings of the research and practical forum, the participants have came up with the following proposals and recommendations:
- The Ministry of Education Office for the Perm Territory in cooperation with the Ministry of Physical Culture and Sports Office for the Perm Territory were recommended to initiate territorial educational mastery competitions with participation of the leading physical education, sports, and life safety specialists.
- The Olympic Academy of the Kama region was recommended to organise, on a yearly basis, competitions of the Olympic Movement Experts with participation of the local school and university students.
- Ministry of Physical Culture and Sports Office for the Perm Territory and Ministry of Education Office for the Perm Territory were recommended to disseminate the best practical experience of the Russian Physical Culture and Sports "Ready for Labour and Defence" (GTO) Complex implementation in the Chaykovsky Municipal District in particular and the Perm Territory on the whole – by means of a special website and/or printed digest intended for the broadest interested audience.
- The Ministry of Sports Office for the Perm Territory was recommended to take further efforts to supply the relevant municipal institutions with the assets and equipment for the GTO Complex tests being performed on the most efficient basis.
- The Ministry of Sports of the RF was recommended, in the context of the ongoing theoretical grounding research focused on some GTO Complex disciplines (tourist trips, electronic shooting tests, cross-country walking tours etc.), to engage its subordinated universities in special studies and tests to mine comprehensive age-specific health and physical fitness data for the age groups of 8 to 70+ years and apply this database for revision of the GTO Complex age-specific test standards.
- Materialy Vserossiyskoy nauchno-prakticheskoy konferentsii «Aktualnye problemy fizicheskogo vospitaniya, zdorovogo i bezopasnogo stilya zhizni v obrazovatelnykh uchrezhdeniyakh» [Proc. All-Rus. res.-practical conference "Actual problems of physical education, healthy and safe lifestyle in educational institutions"]. Chaykovsky, CSIPC, April 14, 2017). Ed. T.V. Kugusheva. Perm: OT i DO publ., 2017, 193 pp.
- Kontseptsiya federalnoy tselevoy programmy razvitiya obrazovaniya na 2016 - 2020 gody [The Concept of Federal Targeted Program for Development of Education for 2016-2020]. Available at: http://www.consultant.ru
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The article briefly overviews proceedings of the Russian Research and Practical Conference “Priority Issues of Physical Education and Healthy and Safe Lifestyle Promotion in the National Educational System” that was held at Chaykovsky State Institute of Physical Culture (CSIPC). The Conference was organised by the Physical Culture, Sports, and Life Safety Theory and Practice Department of the Institute. The Institute faculty, students, masters, alumni and practitioners participated in the Conference. The Conference approved a resolution that offered an action plan to advance the physical education, healthy and safe lifestyles in the academic communities.