Rating schoolchildren's fitness for "Ready for Labour and Defence" GTO complex tests

Фотографии: 

Dr.Hab., Professor N.I. Sinyavskiy1
PhD, Associate Professor A.V. Fursov1
1
Surgut State Pedagogical University, Surgut

 

Keywords: physical fitness of schoolchildren, Class I-VI tests, state standards in GTO Complex.

Background. The Russian Physical Culture and Sports “Ready for Labour and Defence” (GTO) Complex test standards were qualified as the valid Federal State Education Standards (FSES) regulating the Physical Education and Life Safety domain and are being applied to rate the age- and gender-specific physical fitness and applied physical skills and abilities. Presently the national education system takes efforts to establish a system of test centres to run the FSES/ GTO Complex tests of schoolchildren [6], plus test their fitness at summer and winter sport festivals of different levels [2] and in other GTO tests promotion and implementation initiatives designed for the mass coverage of the school and university youth by the tests.

Objective of the study was to rate the schoolchildren’s fitness by the GTO Complex Class I-VI tests.

Methods and structure of the study. We applied the online AS PCS GTO data processing toolkit [3, 4, 5] available at www.rosinwebc.ru to process the following FSES/ GTO Class I-VI test records obtained at the Surgut Test Centre [3]: Class I: 1140 boys and 944 girls; Class II: 1296 boys and 1261 girls; Class III: 629 boys and 606 girls; Class V: 1138 male and 1161 female adolescents; and Class VI: 79 male and 82 female adolescents.

Study results and discussion. In the FSES/ GTO Class I tests of the 6-8 year old schoolboys’ physical fitness and special physical skills and abilities, of 1140 boys only 13 (1.1 %) qualified for the GTO Class I Gold Badge; 220 (19.3%) qualified for the GTO Class I Silver Badge; and 72 (6.3%) qualified for the GTO Class I Bronze Badge; whilst 847 (73.2%) failed the tests: see Figure 1.

 

Figure 1. FSES/ GTO Class I test data of the 6-8 year old schoolboys

In the FSES/ GTO Class I tests of the 6-8 year old schoolgirls’ physical fitness and special physical skills and abilities, of 944 girls only 16 (1.7%) qualified for the GTO Class I Gold Badge; 127 (13.5%) qualified for the GTO Class I Silver Badge; and 39 (4.1%) qualified for the GTO Class I Bronze Badge; whilst 761 (80.6%) failed the tests: see Figure 2.

 

Figure 2. FSES/ GTO Class I test data of the 6-8 year old schoolgirls

In the FSES/ GTO Class II tests of the 9-10 year old schoolboys’ physical fitness and special physical skills and abilities, of 1296 boys only 3 (0.2%) qualified for the GTO Class II Gold Badge; 183 (14.1%) qualified for the GTO Class II Silver Badge; and 57 (4.4%) qualified for the GTO Class II Bronze Badge; whilst 1053 (81.1%) failed the tests: see Figure 3.

Figure 3. FSES/ GTO Class II test data of the 9-10 year old schoolboys

In the FSES/ GTO Class II tests of the 9-10 year old schoolgirls’ physical fitness and special physical skills and abilities, of 1261 girls only 16 (1.3%) qualified for the GTO Class II Gold Badge; 166 (13.2%) qualified for the GTO Class II Silver Badge; and 82 (6.5%) qualified for the GTO Class II Bronze Badge; whilst 994 (78.8%) failed the tests: see Figure 4.

Figure 4. FSES/ GTO Class II test data of the 9-10 year old schoolgirls

In the FSES/ GTO Class III tests of the 11-12 year old schoolboys’ physical fitness and special physical skills and abilities, of 629 boys only 14 (2.2%) qualified for the GTO Class III Gold Badge; 88 (14.0%) qualified for the GTO Class III Silver Badge; and 49 (7.8%) qualified for the GTO Class III Bronze Badge; whilst 403 (64.1%) failed the tests: see Figure 5.

Figure 5. FSES/ GTO Class III test data of the 11-12 year old schoolboys

In the FSES/ GTO Class III tests of the 11-12 year old schoolgirls’ physical fitness and special physical skills and abilities, of 606 girls only 14 (2.0%) qualified for the GTO Class III Gold Badge; 79 (13.0%) qualified for the GTO Class III Silver Badge; and 56 (9.2%) qualified for the GTO Class III Bronze Badge; whilst 452 (70.1%) failed the tests: see Figure 6.

 

Figure 6. FSES/ GTO Class III test data of the 11-12 year old schoolgirls

In the FSES/ GTO Class V tests of the male adolescents’ physical fitness and special physical skills and abilities, of 1138 males only 63 (5.5%) qualified for the GTO Class V Gold Badge; 149 (13.1%); qualified for the GTO Class V Silver Badge; and 74 (6.5%) qualified for the GTO Class V Bronze Badge; whilst 821 (72.1%) failed the tests.

In the FSES/ GTO Class V tests of the female adolescents’ physical fitness and special physical skills and abilities, of 1161 females only 72 (6.2%) qualified for the GTO Class V Gold Badge; 129 (11.1%) qualified for the GTO Class V Silver Badge; and 56 (4.8%) qualified for the GTO Class V Bronze Badge; whilst 847 (73.0%) failed the tests.

In the FSES/ GTO Class VI tests of the adolescents’ physical fitness and special physical skills and abilities, of 79 males and 82 females only 1 (1.3%) and 2 (2.4%), respectively, qualified for the GTO Class VI Gold Badge; 10 (12.7%) males and 5 (6.1%) females, respectively, qualified for the GTO Class VI Silver Badge; and 14 (17.1%) males and 3 (3.7%) females qualified for the GTO Class VI Bronze Badge; whilst 50 (63.3%) males and 71 (86.6%) females failed the tests.

Conclusion. On the whole, FSES/ GTO tests of the primary school population of the Surgut municipality yielded the following results: only 213 schoolchildren (3.5%) including 95 boys and 118 girls were able to qualify for the GTO Gold Badge; 1158 schoolchildren (19.1%) including 95 boys and 118 girls qualified for the GTO Silver Badge; and 502 schoolchildren (8.3%) including 266 boys and 236 girls qualified for the GTO Bronze Badge; whilst 4179 (69.1%) schoolchildren including 2169 boys and 2010 girls failed the tests.

References

  1. Metodicheskie rekomendatsii po organizatsii provedeniya ispytaniy (testov), vhodyaschikh v VFSK «Gotov k trudu i oborone» (GTO) [Methodical recommendations on organization of testing of ARPCSC "Ready for Labor and Defence" (GTO)]. Available at: minsport.gov.ru/polojgto.doc. (Accessed: 20.02.20170
  2. Simonova E.A., Dmitrieva C.V. Otsenka fizicheskoy podgotovlennosti shkolnikov k vypolneniyu norm VFSK «Gotov k trudu i oborone» [Rating pupils' physical fitness for All-Russian physical culture and sports "Ready for Labour and Defence" (GTO) complex tests]. Teoriya i praktika fiz. kultury, 2016, no. 12, pp. 21-23
  3.  Sinyavskiy N.I., Fursov A.V., Vlasov V.V. Rezultaty vypolneniya normativov kompleksa «Gotov k trudu i oborone» (GTO) uchaschimisya II stupeni obrazovatelnykh organizatsiy [Results of fulfillment of All-Russian physical culture and sports "Ready for Labour and Defence" (GTO) complex tests by II level educational organization students]. Uchenye zapiski un-ta imeni P.F. Lesgafta, 2016, no. 9 (139), pp. 197-200.
  4. Sinyavskiy N.I., Fursov A.V., Ivanov K.G., Fokina O.C. On-line-tekhnologii v sisteme podgotovki shkolnikov k vypolneniyu normativov Kompleksa «Gotov k trudu i oborone [On-line-technologies in training of pupils for "Ready for Labour and Defence" complex tests]. Fizicheskaya kultura: vospitanie, obrazovanie, trenirovka, 2015, no. 6, pp. 49-52.
  5. Fursov A.V., Sinyavskiy N.I. Iz opyta primeneniya onlayn-tekhnologii v podgotovke uchaschikhsya k vypolneniyu normativov vserossiyskogo fizkulturno-sportivnogo kompleksa «Gotov k trudu i oborone» (GTO) [From experience of using online technologies in training students for All-Russian physical culture and sports "Ready for Labour and Defence" (GTO) complex tests]. Kultura fizicheskaya i zdorovye, 2016, vol. 57, no. 2, pp..19-22.
  6. Fursov A.V., Sinyavskiy N.I. Rezultaty monitoringa vypolneniya normativov kompleksa «Gotov k trudu i oborone» (GTO) uchaschimisya starshikh klassov obrazovatelnykh organizatsiy [Results of monitoring of fulfillment of "Ready for Labour and Defence" (GTO) complex tests by senior pupils of educational organizations]. Uchenye zapiski un-ta im. P.F. Lesgafta, 2016, no. 5 (135), pp. 231-236.

Corresponding author: physical_science@surgpu.ru

Abstract

Objective of the study was to rate the schoolchildren’s fitness by the GTO Complex Class I-VI tests. Subject to the study were the GTO Complex Class I-VI test records of 8338 schoolchildren. The study found that 30.9% of the subjects could qualify for the GTO Gold, Silver or Bronze Badge and 69.1% failed the tests. The study data and analyses showed one of seven schoolchildren being unable to pass the GTO Complex tests; and this is the reason why a top priority needs to be given to the new training technologies, forms and tools to advance the schoolchildren’s training systems and train them for the GTO Complex tests.