Effects of single physical education session on mental and hysiological test rates of trainees in different academic sport groups

Фотографии: 

Fizicheskaya kultura: vospitanie, obrazovanie, trenirovka №3-2017, pp.51-53

Postgraduate V.M. Klimov1, 2
Dr,Biol., Professor, Merited Scientist of Russia R.I. Aizman1
1Novosibirsk State Pedagogical University, Novosibirsk
2Novosibirsk State Technical University, Novosibirsk

Moderate-intensity physical workloads (with the HR varying within 130-150 beats per min) in a single physical education lesson as verified by the mental and physiological test rates of trainees in different academic sports. Subject to the tests were the second- and third-year students of Novosibirsk State Technical University going in for the following academic sports: basketball, athletics, aerobics, swimming and body conditioning (BC). A computerised test program under the study yielded the following mental and physiological condition rates: sernsorimotor response rates; brain excitation vs. inhibition process rates; memory rates (classified into the mechanical, semantic and graphical memory rates); attention concentration rates; and the intellectual workability rates. It was found that a short-term moderate-intensity physical load triggered certain improvements in the sport-specific mental functionality rates. The integrated mental and physiological performance rates were also found to increase upon a single physical education lesson in different academic sport groups.

Keywords: physical load, academic sports, students, mental and physiological conditions.

References

  1. Aizman R.I., Aizman N.I., Lebedev A.V., Rubanovich V.B. Metodika kompleksnoy otsenki fizicheskogo i psikhicheskogo zdorovya, fizicheskoy podgotovlennosti studentov vysshikh i srednikh professionalnykh uchebnykh zavedeniy. Metod. posobie [Methods of comprehensive assessment of physical and mental health, physical fitness of students of higher and secondary professional educational institutions]. Novosibirsk: RIF Novosibirsk publ., 2010, 100 p.
  2. Bekmansurov Kh.A., Bildanova V.R. Umstvennaya rabotosposobnost kak integrativny test pasporta zdorovya [Mental performance as an integrative test of health certificate]. Psikhologo-pedagogicheskoe soprovozhdenie obrazovatelnogo protsessa: teoriya i praktika. Regionalny sbornik nauchnykh trudov. 3-y vyp. [Psychological and pedagogical support of educational process: theory and practice. Regional collection of research papers. 3rd is.]. Moscow: Prosveshchenie publ., 1996, 150 p.
  3. Vasilyeva T.N. Vliyanie uroka fizicheskogo vospitaniya na psikhomotornuyu i umstvennuyu deyatelnost yunoshey. Avtoref. dis. kand. biol. nauk [Influence of physical education lesson on psychomotor and mental activity of young men. PhD diss. abstract]. Novosibirsk, 1999, 20 p.
  4. Davydov O.Y. Vliyanie zanyatiy atleticheskoy gimnastikoy na pokazateli umstvennoy rabotosposobnosti studentov [Influence of body-building session on students' indices of mental performance]. Vestnik Adygeyskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Ser. 3: Pedagogika i psikhologiya, 2008, no. 7, pp. 217–224.
  5. Ilyin E.P. Psikhomotornaya organizatsiya cheloveka [Psychomotor organization in man]. St. Petersburg: Piter publ., 2003, 384 p.
  6. Kizko A.P., Kizko E.A. Kriterii optimalnosti razvivayushchey fizicheskoy nagruzki studentov [Criteria of optimality of developing physical load of students]. Sibirskiy pedagogicheskiy zhurnal, 2016, no. 3, pp. 122–129.
  7. Kovtun A.A., Moskalenko N.V. Vliyanie fizicheskoy kultury i sporta na psikhofiziologicheskoe sostoyanie studentov [Influence of physical culture and sports on psychophysiological state of students]. Fizicheskoe vospitanie studentov, 2012, no. 3, pp. 83–86.
  8. Melnikova O.A. Vliyanie zanyatiy fizicheskoy kulturoy na psikhofiziologicheskoe sostoyanie studentov [Influence of physical training on psychophysiological state of students]. Omskiy nauchny vestnik, 2015, no. 3(139), pp. 170–172.
  9. Mindubaeva F.A., Kharisova N.M., Komkina E.G. Vliyanie fizicheskoy kultury i sporta na lichnostnye osobennosti studentov [Influence of physical culture and sports on personality traits of students]. Mezhdunar. zhurnal eksperimentalnogo obrazovaniya, 2016, no. 4, pp. 244–248.
  10. Mikhailova L.A., Orlova S.N. Osobennosti neyrodinamicheskikh protsessov u studentov s razlichnym tipom rabotosposobnosti nervnoy sistemy [Features of neurodynamic processes in students having different types of working capacity of nervous system]. Sovremennye problemy nauki i obrazovaniya, 2016, no. 2., Available at: https://www.science-education.ru/ru/article/view?id=24155