Age-specific dynamics of physical working capacity and functionality at female rowers' training process stages

Фотографии: 

Teoriya i praktika fizicheskoy kultury №2 2017, pp.3-6

UDC 796.01:612

Dr.Biol. T.F. Abramova1
PhD T.M. Nikitina1
N.M. Yakutovich1
1All-Russian Research Institute of Physical Culture and Sport, Moscow

Competitive success in modern sports is often largely limited by the training loads being prematurely intensified with poor if any consideration for the core energy systems growth and development logics. The study was designed to analyze the age-specific variations of body build, working capacity and energy supply rates in 80 subject female rowers of 16-35 years of age in the sport excellence to the top sport mastery training period. The following methods were applied in the study: anthropometrics, callipering, biochemical analysis of blood, functionality tests (physical working capacity, external respiration rating tests), and heart rate measurements. The study data and analyses gave the means to find the morphological and functional state development and physical working capacity formation logics in women rowers in every sport excellence stage. The study findings showed the traditional physical development and training chronology – with the new regionally trained athletes being prematurely included in the teams – forming a gap in succession and development of the strength and regulatory aspects of the athletic physical resources.

Keywords: age, body build, functionality, physical fitness.

References

  1. Abramova T.F., Nikitina T.M., Kochetkova N.I. Labilnye komponenty massy tela – kriterii obshchey fizicheskoy podgotovlennosti i kontrolya tekushchey i dolgovremennoy adaptatsii k trenirovochnym nagruzkam: metodicheskie rekomendatsii [Labile components of body weight - criteria for all-round fitness and control of current and long-term adaptation to training loads: guidelines]. Moscow: Skyprint publ., 2013, 132 p.
  2. Deryabin V.E. Kurs lektsiy po mnogomernoy biometrii dlya antropologov [Lectures on multivariate biometrics for anthropologists]. Moscow: MSU publ., 2008, 328 p.
  3. Hagerman F.C. Applied physiology of rowing. Sports Medicine, 1984, no. 1, pp. 303-326.