Biomechanical aspects of throttling control in motor racing sport



Professor, Dr.Hab., Honoured Scientist of the RF, Honoured coach of Russia E.S. Tsygankov
Associate professor, PhD , Honoured coach of Russia G.I. Shulik
Master's student D.S. Ustinov
Russian State University of Physical Education, Sport, Youth and Tourism (GTSOLIFK), Moscow

The study was designed to analyze the biomechanical aspects of throttling control in the motor racing sport. Our analysis of the educational curriculum of motor racing schools and driving schools/ centres for the Category A drivers showed that the actual knowledge and skills of the graduate drivers are very poor, particularly in the driving safety domain. The curricula were found to make no provisions for studies and mastering of the postural biomechanics elements. We believe that this knowledge deficit is of high risk for the safety of the drivers. Practical experience of the modern motor racing sport shows that there are at least 9 postures depending on the actual situation and driving conditions. The four standard postures are dominated by the so called basic one that is the most common and practical for many purposes. Actually the posture is largely determined by the degree of the motorcycle design being morphologically matched with the average statistical dimensions of body and limbs. Based on the study, we arrived to the opinion that the background training of motorcyclists may be improved if the best practical experience of motor racing sport is duly addressed by the curricula, with the throttling control techniques being given a due priority in the training as the dominant mechanism of the driving safety on the roads. Good motorcycle control skills will help prevent serious errors in the driving process control on the whole.

Keywords: biomechanical elements, motor racing sport, traffic safety.


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