Sprint and special running practices in context of procedural analysis



Associate professor, PhD A.N. Begletsov

An analysis of the theoretical studies of sprint techniques published for the last 75 years and practical education and skills excelling guides and recommendations showed that presently the sport science is still in need of a definite understanding of the sprint movement sequence biomechanics profiled by the movement elements both in competitive runs and special training exercises. Objective of the study was to perform a theoretical analysis of the sprint technique and provide experimental evidence for the movement elements being reflectively connected, with the connections being critical for the quality of the sprint stride. We made an attempt to find the reflectively connected elements in the movement sequences that could be copied to the key training practices with no detriment for the movement structure that should be retained. The study was performed on the assumption that there is a reflective correlation between the upward and downward movements of the thigh that are critical for the stride quality; and the assumption was subject to an experimental verification. With this purpose, we performed a preliminary experiment with a group of 16 children and young people of 5-20 years of age. The running practices offered to the group were very simple and required no special education. They implied the trainee being somewhat abstracted from direct execution of the motor skills followed by the mastered elements being transferred to the key practice that should have been mastered and excelled.

Keywords: movement biomechanics, sway, reflective motor response, education material digestion process psycho-physiology, training.


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