Swimming training for students on the basis of motor and functional fitness

Swimming training for students on the basis of motor and functional fitness


I.N. Akramovskiy1, 3, D.A. Raevskiy2, 3
1 Ph.D., associate professor
2 Ph.D.
3 National Research Technological University (MISiS), Moscow

The paper explains the methodology of swimming training on the basis of development of motor and functional fitness. The study involved 52 1-2-year students of National Research Technological University (MISiS), who trained in swimming conditioning groups. Subjects were divided into two groups: control (CG) and experimental (EG), 26 persons in each. Pre-training was carried out in the EG to form motor and functional readiness for mastering the swimming skill. The main parameters were identified: activity time, number of repetitions, rest pause between repetitions. Sets of exercises on land were used in the threshold of further education of students in the aquatic environment. Both on land and in water, special attention was paid to the development of the respiratory system, increase of vital capacity (VC), timed inspiratory capacity. 18 exercises on land and 24 - in water were used. Hand fixed flat to perform a variety of exercises promoted proper development of water balance skills. Development of correct laternation of muscle tension and relaxation had a positive effect on the acquisition of the ability to simultaneously tense muscles of active limb and relax muscles of inactive one. Coordination of movements, performance of special exercises contributed to the development of better coordination of movements of arms, legs and breathing in sports swimming techniques. Mastering of water balance skills, the ability to change the position of the body afloat moving with hands and forearms represent the motor basis of the main swimming skill, that is, promote the ability to be on the surface of the water and move in it without much effort. In the educational experiment all of these qualities and skills contributed to improvement of front crawl skills.

Keywords: physical qualities, motor coordination, swimming skills, technical elements.


  1. Akramovskiy, I.N. Metodika nachal'nogo obucheniya studentov tekhnicheskikh vuzov sportivnomu plavaniyu: ucheb.-metod. posobie (Methodology of beginner swimming training for technical university students) / I.N. Akramovskiy. – Moscow.: Izd. dom MISiS, 2014. – 54 P.
  2. Aleksandrov A.Yu. Formirovanie umeniya plavat' u muzhchin 19 – 30 let na osnove «perenosa» dvigatel'nykh navykov i adaptatsii k vodnoy srede: avtoref. dis. … kand. ped. nauk (Formation of swimming skill in 19-30-year -old men on the basis of transfer of motor skills and adaptation to water: abstract of Ph.D. thesis) / A.Yu. Aleksandrov; MGAFK. – Malakhovka, 2001. – 23 P.
  3. Bulgakova, N.Zh. Plavanie: uchebnik dlya vuzov (Swimming: textbook for universities) / Ed. by N.Zh. Bulgakova. – Moscow: Fizkul'tura i sport, 2001.
  4. Ganchar, I.L. Plavanie: teoriya i metodika prepodavaniya (Swimming: theory and teaching methodology) / I.L. Ganchar. – Moscow: Chetyre chetverti; Ekoperspektiva, 1998. – 352 P., il.
  5. Malygin, L.S. Obuchenie plavaniyu sportivnym i samobytnym sposobami na osnove dvigatel'noy gotovnosti: ucheb.-metod. posobie dlya studentov vuzov fizicheskoy kul'tury (Swimming training using sports and original methods on the basis of motor readiness: teaching aid for students of universities of physical culture) / L.S. Malygin, D.A. Raevskiy, E.L. Favorskaya, D.A. Lavrent'eva; Moscow state academy of phys. cult. – Malakhovka, 2014. – 124 P.
  6. Raevskiy, D.A. Spetsificheskie osobennosti formirovaniya dvigatel'nykh navykov u studentov pri osvoenii tekhniki sportivnykh sposobov plavaniya (Specific features of formation of motor skills in students when mastering sports swimming techniques) / D.A. Raevskiy // Novye issledovaniya. RAO Inst. vozrastnoy fiziologii. – Moscow. – 2012. – № 3. P. 91–97.
  7. Wilmore, J.H. Fiziologiya sporta i dvigatel'noy aktivnosti (Physiology of sport and motor activity) / J.H. Wilmore, D. Kostill. – Kiev: Olimpiyskaya literatura, 1997. – 503 P.
  8. Haljand, R.B. Modeli sportivnogo plavaniya s metodikoy sovershenstvovaniya i kontrolya (Sports swimming patterns with the methodology of improvement and control) / R.B. Haljand, R.R. Kaal, T.A. Tamp. – Tallinn, 1984. – 98 P.