PhD, Associate Professor N.A. Podberezko1
PhD, Associate Professor E.D. Kuznetsova2
PhD, Associate Professor P.G. Vorontsov3
1Altai State University, Barnaul
2Altai State Pedagogical University, Institute of Physical Culture and Sports, Barnaul
3Altay State Medical University, Barnaul
4Polzunov Altai State Technical University, Barnaul
Keywords: health, students, medical groups, special medical group.
Introduction. Many researchers have been dealing with health issues for several millennia. It would seem that indisputable recommendations for the preservation and improvement of human health should have already been formed. However, according to the Federal State Statistics Service (healthcare) from 2014 to 2020, the number of registered diseases in patients with a diagnosis established for the first time in life in the Altai Territory increased by 26.2% . To date, the search for ways to preserve the health of the younger generation does not stop, since it is in the process of development in childhood, adolescence and adolescence that human health is laid.
The purpose of the study is to analyze the dynamics of the health status of students of the Altai Territory (Barnaul) on the basis of the requirements of the formation of medical groups for physical education.
Methodology and organization of the study. The scientific work was carried out in the period from 2014 to 2020 on the basis of four universities of the Altai Territory (Barnaul): AltSU, AltGPU, AltSMU, AltSTU named after I.I. Polzunov. The data of medical examinations and medical certificates of 39,404 1st-year students were analyzed.
The results of the study and their discussion. The analysis of the health indicators of 1st-year students to determine the directions of physical education for seven years showed a slight dynamics, which indicates the stability of these indicators. Analyzing the average values, it was found that about 63% of students can be attributed to the main medical group. This contingent of students has no deviations in the state of health, or minor ones are observed. After a medical examination, 37% of students who had minor or pronounced deviations in their health status were assigned to preparatory and special medical groups "A" and "B".
Conclusion. The results of the analysis of the documentation on the appointment of a medical group for physical education allowed us to get an idea of the state of health of students entering the universities of the Altai Territory (Barnaul). In addition, students with deviations in their health status were identified, for whom a curriculum in the discipline "Physical Culture and Sports" was needed, meeting modernity and allowing students to maintain and improve their health.
- Federal State Statistics Service / Healthcare. URL: https://rosstat.gov.ru/folder/13721.