PhD, Associate Professor A.A. Tretyakov1,2
PhD, Associate Professor O.V. Petrenko1
PhD, Associate Professor M.P. Spirin1
Senior teacher V.V. Agoshkov1
1Belgorod State National Research University, Belgorod
2Putilin Belgorod Law Institute of Ministry of the Interior of Russia, Belgorod
Objective of the study was to to determine the effectiveness of the application of biofeedback methods in the training process of highly qualified swimmers for the formation of skills to differentiate movement parameters during swimming.
Methods and structure of the study. A pedagogical experiment was conducted from October 2021 to February 2022. It was held on the basis of swimming sections in the sports schools of the city of Belgorod, sports schools «Spartak» and School No. 3. Qualified swimmers consisting of 65 people took part in the experiment. The control testing included the calculation of the reproduction error as a percentage of the values of speed, pace and "step" of swimming among athletes.
Results and conclusions. Most athletes, especially beginners, do not know how to optimally distribute forces at a competitive distance. The passage of a distance, as a rule, is characterized by an increase in swimming speed to a maximum, an increase in the frequency of strokes and a small length of the “step” at the beginning of the distance and a decrease in the speed and frequency of stroke movements towards its end. In our opinion, accurate reproduction and the ability to control the values of speed, pace and "step" of swimming will help athletes achieve the optimal combination between these elements of technology, which in turn will help to achieve the maximum level of speed.
Keywords: sports swimming, technical training, biofeedback methods, training process, movement structure.
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