Factor structure of general physical fitness of junior golf players

Factor structure of general physical fitness of junior golf players


Postgraduate student Ning Ji1
Dr. Hab., Professor I.A. Cherkashin1, 2, 3, 4
PhD, Associate Professor A.I. Ivanov3
PhD, Associate Professor E.V. Korkin4
1North-Eastern Federal University, Yakutsk
2Moscow State Academy of Physical Culture, Malakhovka, Moscow Region
3Arctic State Agrotechnological University, Yakutsk
4Churapcha State Institute of Physical Culture and Sports, Churapcha

Objective of the study was to conduct a factorial analysis of the pedagogical test rates to determine the structure of the general physical fitness of junior golf players at an early stage.
Methods and structure of the study. Subject to the pedagogical tests were 26 boys engaged in golf (mean age - 8.33±0.48 years, experience in golf practices - 1.43±0.48 years). A set of pedagogical tests applied included 5 groups of exercises: running, jumping, weight-bearing, coordination and flexibility. The carpal dynamometry test was also used. The study was conducted at the premises of the Shenzhen Golf Club, China.
Results and conclusions. In determining the required factors, we considered the indicators with correlation ratios above 0.700. The speed-strength abilities turned out to be the first most significant factor in the structure of general physical fitness – 38.25% of the total sample variance. It included two exercises characterized by the highest correlation coefficient: forward 1 kg medicine ball throws, backward 1 kg medicine ball throws, with the correlation coefficients amounting to 0.872 and 0.920, respectfully; 30 m run (r=0.906). The second most important factor was strength fitness - 26.34% of the total sample variance. The third factor (16.61%) was the coordinating skills of the golf players at their initial training stage. Consequently, when monitoring the physical fitness of junior golf players, emphasis should be placed on the assessment of their speed-strength abilities, coordinating skills, and strength rates.

Keywords: golf, factorial analysis, evaluation, control, physical fitness, training process.


  1. Korolkov A.N. Soderzhanie sportivnoy podgotovki v golfe [Content of golf sports training]. Study guide. Moscow: Editus publ., 2018. 144 p.
  2. Coughlan D., Taylor M.J., Jackson J. The impact of warm-up on youth golfer clubhead speed and self-reported shot quality. International journal of sports physical therapy, 2018; 13(5):828-834.
  3. Coughlan D., Taylor M. J. D., Wayland W., Brooks D., Jackson J. The effect of a 12-week strength and conditioning programme on youth golf performance. International Journal of Golf Science, 2019; 8(1):1-13.
  4. Doan B.K., Newton R.U., Kwon Y., Kraemer W.J. Effects of physical conditioning on intercollegiate golfer performance. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 2006; 20(1):62-72.
  5. Gordon B., Moir G., Davis S., Witmer C., Cummings, D. An investigation into therelationship of flexibility, power, and strength to club head speed in male golfers. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 2009; 23(5): 1606-1610.
  6. Smith C. J., Callister R., Lubans D. R. A systematic review of strength and conditioning programs designed to improve fitness characteristics in golfers. Journal of Sports Sciences, 2011; 29(9): 933-943.
  7. Smith, M. The role of physiology in thedevelopment of golf performance. Sports Medicine, 2010; 40(8): 635-655.