Alpine skiing and snowboarding instructor’s motivations and social standing survey
PhD, Associate Professor O.G. Rysakova1
PhD, Associate Professor I.V. Mikhaylova1
PhD, Associate Professor E.D. Bakulina1
1Russian State Social University, Moscow
Objective of the study was to survey motivations and social standings of the national Alpine ski and snowboard instructors.
Methods and structure of the study. We sampled for the questionnaire survey the Alpine skiing and snowboarding instructors (n=89) from Krasnaya Polyana Ski Resort in Sochi and Krylov Ski School in Moscow (National School of Professional Instructors) and collected their key personal data including gender, age, education, place of residence, sports qualification/ title, Alpine skiing and snowboarding instructor qualification, and other active businesses. Motivations of the sample were surveyed using the D. Barbuto and R. Skoll survey form [2, 5] including 5 groups of 6 questions (30 questions in total) to rate: (1) Internal Processes; (2) Instrumental Motivations; (3) External Self-concept; (4) Internal Self-concept; and (5) Goal Internalization.
Results and conclusion. The study data and analyses produced social standings of the Alpine skiing and snowboarding sample that was 66% male and dominated by with 23-60 year-old (90%) individuals. Most of the sample (71%) reported a higher education albeit no Alpine skiing and snowboarding sport qualifications/ titles; and 65% reported having Class C certificates for professional service to beginners. Most (73%) of the sample reported sufficient practical Alpine skiing and snowboarding instructing service experience indicative of a sound vocational self-identification. Dominant places of residence for the sample are Sochi (Krasnaya Polyana) and Moscow cities. The survey found the Alpine skiing and snowboarding instructors’ motivations dominated by their internal values and standards, with a special role played by the service satisfaction and individual goals compliant with the internal progress agendas (growth motivations). External motivations were ranked secondary by the sample, with the respondents reporting no interest in how their competences and services are rated by the others i.e. uninterested in the social recognition. Instrumental motivations related to material remuneration were ranked only fourth of five categories i.e. unimportant. It should be emphasized that the instrumental motivations were ranked mostly low, and one of them even negative.
Keywords: vocational motivations, Alpine skiing and snowboarding instructor, social standing, questionnaire survey.
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