Effect of training loads of various purposes on competitive performance of footballers in short intergame cycles (3-4 days) of competitive period
PhD A.K. Belyakov1
1Russian State University of Physical Education, Sport, Youth and Tourism (SCOLIPE), Moscow
Objective of the study was to develop the most efficient structure and content of the short intergame cycles (3-4 days) of the competitive period based on the training loads of various orientations.
Methods and structure of the study. The study analyzed 36 microcycles in the Premier League season of 2018/2019. Of these - 14 3-day microcycles and 22 4-day ones. The microcycle content consisted of 2-3 training sessions with different amounts, volumes, and orientations of training loads. For each training session, a specific task was assigned (based on the long-term microcycle and future opponent). The most effective means and methods were chosen for the task. The findings were used to determine the amount, specific focus, and orientation of training loads and their impact on athletes’ competitive performance.
Results and conclusions. The study found that the specific focus of training loads and their ratio in terms of orientation has a significant impact on the competitive performance rates. Thus, the higher the volume of specialized loads performed in the microcycle (up to certain limits) in the mixed and speed-strength modes, the higher the competitive performance efficiency, i.e. the team will gain more points in fixtures.
Keywords: microcycle, specific focus, orientation, load value.
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