Winter football in Krasnoyarsk general education institutions as part of future Motherland defender training

PhD, Associate Professor T.G. Arutyunyan1, 2
PhD, Associate Professor S.P. Ryabinin3
E.I. Malygin1
K.M. Evsyukova1
1M.F. Reshetnev Siberian State University of Science and Technology, Krasnoyarsk
2Siberian Federal University, Krasnoyarsk
3Krasnoyarsk State Pedagogical University named after V. P. Astafyev; Krasnoyarsk

Objective of the study was to determine the effects of winter football combined with patriotic education on physical fitness of young people of conscript age.
Methods and structure of the study. The experiment has been conducted on the basis of the general education institutions of Krasnoyarsk (No. 8, 14, and 27, lyceums No. 6) from 1998 to the present day.  Two groups were formed - Control (n=61) and Experimental (n=63) - which involved the 14-15-year-old winter football players. During the study, we developed the educational program "Student-Conscript" and a special course on patriotic education with the formation of the image of the defender of the Motherland. Thus, in the Experimental group, as opposed to the Control group, we simulated different pedagogical situations for the development of volitional qualities and carried out additional work on patriotic education with the formation of the image of the defender of the Motherland. The training sessions were held during class time and non-school hours.
Prior to the experiment, a close-ended questionnaire was conducted to identify the subjects' attitudes towards the Russian Army and service, as well as pedagogical testing of the overall physical fitness of the participants in both groups. According to Student t-criterion, the groups were homogeneous.
Results and conclusions. The physical fitness tests in the Experimental group showed a significant increase in terms of all indicators, while in the Control group there were no statistically significant changes. The Experimental group subjects demonstrated their positive attitude towards the Russian Army and service. After the experiment, there was a positive close correlation (rxy=0.602) in the Experimental group, while in the Control group there was a slight negative correlation (rxy=-0.383).
The findings confirm the authors' previous studies on the effectiveness of training of the defenders of the Motherland based on the combination of physical and patriotic education. At the same time, the use of sportizated physical education means contributes to the improvement of physical qualities of young people of conscript age.

Keywords: winter, football, education, defender, Motherland, patriotism, exercise.

References

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