Benefits of performance improvement rehabilitation model for boxing elite

R.V. Bestinov1
PhD, Associate Professor, Honored Boxing Trainer K.S. Kolodeznikov1
O.N. Dmitriev1
1M.K. Ammosov North-Eastern Federal University, Yakutsk

Keywords: boxing, punching speed, punching power, fast rehabilitation.

Background. Presently the sport community gives a high priority to the post-training rehabilitation process design and management models to secure high athletic performance [1, 3]; albeit many training systems are still dominated by the high-intensity trainings at sacrifice of the rehabilitation elements [2, 4].

Objective of the study was to rate benefits of a new performance improvement rehabilitation model for boxing elite with the punching power and speed rating elements.

Methods and structure of the study. Based on a theoretical analysis we found the key fast rehabilitation elements including the traditional post-training natural rehabilitation elements, physiotherapy and low-intensity magnetic-laser radiation applying therapy. Sampled for the model testing experiment were the 18-25 year-old elite boxers (n=24, including 1 WCMS, 14 MS and 9 CMS) grouped by the age, gender and experience, with the sport records of 4 to 14 years.

Every individual was tested to obtain 116 test rates including the technical/ tactical skills (112 test rates), anthropometrics (2 rates), competitive progress rates (4 values), with a correlation analysis of the test data. We actively applied the natural rehabilitation, physiotherapy and low-intensity magnetic-laser radiation tools for rehabilitation, with the physiotherapy and low-intensity magnetic-laser radiation applied on an individual basis after trainings in the following sequence: natural rehabilitation (relaxation), physiotherapy and low-intensity magnetic-laser radiation; with each procedure lasting for 8-10 min depending on the application zone.

The study was run at M.K. Ammosov North-Eastern Federal University (Yakutsk) in the following two stages. The first stage of the study was designed to analyze the relevant reference literature to select the most informative punching power and speed rating tests, followed by practical tests at the second stage. Practical tests were run every 4 days to rate efficiency of the above rehab tools using Qualisys Medical System (infrared 3D movement registration unit) and KickTest-100 system to rate the punching power and speed.

Results and discussion. The punching power and speed test data versus the rehab services are given in Table hereunder.

Table 1. Averaged punching power and speed test data versus the fast rehabilitation services

Test

Physiotherapy

Low-intensity magnetic-laser radiation

Natural rehabilitation

Prior

After

Prior

After

Prior

After

Reaction time, s

0,35

0,21

-0,14

0,21

0,15

-0,06

0,32

0,27

-0,05

Punch time, s

0,16

0,15

-0,01

0,23

0,26

+0,03

0,24

0,21

-0,03

Punch strength, kg

352

391

+39

317

251

-66

283

400

+117

Punch speed, m/s

8,85

8

-0,85

7,75

7,15

-0,6

7,5

7,9

+0,4

Reaction time was tested to improve in every group after the fast rehabilitation procedures (±0.08s), and this is rather important since this quality is critical for success in the modern martial arts. Thus the reaction time in the fast rehabilitation and natural rehabilitation groups was tested to fall (±0.02s), with the punch time tested to grow in the low-intensity magnetic-laser radiation group by 0.03s. The collision time of bodies may be defined as short-term contact with transmission of the shock impulse. The impact theory considers such contact from a biomechanical viewpoint as the time of energy transfer: the shorter is the transmission time in a fight, the faster the energy is transmitted and less scattered ‘in vain’. If this indicator is applied to the technical/ tactical skills, the contact time may be viewed as indicative of the boxer’s concentration and the ability to fast return his hands to defensive position to minimize efficiency of a potential counterattack.

Furthermore, the punching strength was tested to grow in the physiotherapy and natural rehabilitation groups (±78 kg), whilst in the low-intensity magnetic-laser radiation group it fell by 66 kg on average. The finding may be considered as indicative of efficiency of the fast rehabilitation tools. The strength sag in the low-intensity magnetic-laser radiation group may be attributed to the effects of the low-intensity magnetic-laser radiation procedure on the joints – in contrast to the other rehab procedures. The punching speed was tested to significantly grow only in the natural rehabilitation group by 0.4m/s – versus some falls in the physiotherapy and low-intensity magnetic-laser radiation groups (±0,72m/s), with the reasons for the regress being unclear for us.

Conclusion. The study found the new performance improvement rehabilitation model with application of physiotherapy and low-intensity magnetic-laser radiation being highly beneficial for the boxing elite.

References

  1. Vasilyev E.V., Kolodeznikov K.S.,, Kolodeznikova M.G. Analysis of competitive activity of elite boxer. Pedagogiko-psikhologicheskie i mediko-biologicheskie problemy fizicheskoy kultury i sporta. 2018. v. 13. no. 2. pp. 18-23.
  2. Bestinov R.V., Kolodeznikov K.S. Comparative analysis of elite WSB boxers’ competitive performance data. Theory and practice of physical culture. 2016. Vol.11. P. 33
  3. Efremov V.V., Kolodeznikova M.G., Nikolaev N.D. Elite freestyle wrestlers’ competitive performance analysis. Theory and practice of physical culture. 2017. Vol. 11. P. 22
  4. Ponomareva M.S. Acmeological features of studentship period of professional development of future physical education and sport specialists. Theory and practice of physical culture. 2015. Vol. 10. P. 8

Corresponding author: bestinoff@mail.ru

Abstract

Presently the sport community gives a high priority to the post-training rehabilitation process design and management models to secure high athletic performance; albeit many training systems are still dominated by the high-intensity trainings at sacrifice of the rehabilitation elements. Objective of the study was to rate benefits of a new performance improvement rehabilitation model for boxing elite with the punching power and speed rating elements.

The first stage of the study was designed to analyze the relevant reference literature to select the most informative punching power and speed rating tests, followed by practical tests in the second stage. Sampled for the model testing experiment were elite boxers grouped by the age, gender and experience. Their technical and tactical mastery rates, anthropometrics, competitive progress and success rates of every individual were obtained for a correlation analysis. The performance improvement rehabilitation model included traditional post-training natural rehabilitation elements, physiotherapy and low-intensity magnetic-laser radiation applying therapy. The natural rehabilitation, physiotherapy and low-intensity magnetic-laser radiation tools were applied exclusively in the relevant groups, with the instrumental rehab sessions taking 8-10min depending on the application points. The study found the new performance improvement rehabilitation model being highly beneficial for the boxing elite.