Sport technology adapting and implementing algorithm customizable to operational environment

PhD S.V. Mukhaev1
Dr.Hab., Professor L.A. Semenov2
1Basketball club "Yenisei", Krasnoyarsk
2Surgut State Pedagogical University, Surgut

Keywords: sport technologies, adapting and implementing algorithm, technological mechanism, elite sports, children and youth sports, sportizated physical education.

Background. Objective of any sport is to secure the best possible competitive accomplishments and wins in the top ranking competitions. It is logical in this context to believe that every athlete’s dream is to make a world record and, hence, train harder than anybody else before to make the dream come true. ‘Top accomplishments in sports are unique and outstanding nowadays and, hence, require innovative approaches’ [2, p.15]. It should be mentioned that the goals attained by the trials and errors in theory and practice of some sport discipline are often neglected by the other sport disciplines despite the fact that new movement biomechanics and performance improvement systems may be highly beneficial for them. It is als true for the new training models proved beneficial for elite sports that are also often left unapplied by the children and youth sports and physical education and sport sector. One of the key reasons for this reluctance is the barriers for implementation of the new training technologies by the beneficiary sport discipline. In other words, the new technologies beneficial for one sport discipline or sports system tier may face adaptation/ efficiency problems when directly mimicked by the other discipline or tier.

Objective of the study was to offer a sport technology adaptation and implementation algorithm applicable in new sport enviroinments.

Results and discussion. The proposed sport technology adaptation and implementation algorithm may be described as the sequence of actions to effectively customize the technology for new operational environment, with the sequence dictated by the customization process logics and steps as follow.

Find problems in the traditional training system, with the search of the training system improvement options started from an analysis of the sport progress trends, specific requirements and standards to clearly see the current and future requirements to the athletic fitness and its components, supported by an analyses of the sport leaders’ performances [3, 4].

Find technologies to step up the training system efficiency for the sport discipline, with a special priority for the principle of ‘compliance of the implemented technologies with the specific requirements and standards of the beneficiary sport discipline’ [7] that may be detailed as follows:

1. Meet the specific competitive requirements of the beneficiary sport discipline in the movement kinematics and dynamics, with the non-specific technologies being implemented on a customized basis or directly mimicked as the situation requires.

2. The new technologies should be more effective than the traditional/ outdated ones in terms of the training process goals, i.e. facilitate the sport fitness  being attained on a more efficient and manageable basis.

Initially, a new technology should be customized horizontally i.e. from a few sport disciplines to the target sport discipline theory and practice. Then goes the vertical customization that implies the further adaptation and implementation of the technology in the children and youth sport system, with the training process intensity being prudently controlled and managed as required by the age-, gender- and sensitivity-specific psychophysiological qualities and fitness levels. Later on the technologies may be implemented in the sports-prioritizing physical education service with account of the physical education and sport training timeframes, lifestyles of the target school population group, fitness leves and actual provisions for the physical education and sport service improvements [6].

Classify the implemented technologies into individual or a few ones of different classes, e.g. meta-, macro-, meso- and microtechnologies. Training system for the target sport discipline is recommended to be designed on the following levels: (1) metatechnologies dictated by the traing process logics and strategies; (2) macrotechnologies to effectively pursue the strategy on the specific principles and priorities of the competitive progress in the sport discipline – to build up the training process goals for the macro-, meso- and micro-cycles of the training system; (3) mesotechnologies to develop the training system versions for different events/ components of the sport discipline; (4) and microtechnologies that address the specific aspects, elements and bottlenecks in the training system by the target methods and tools [5].

Find the ways to harmonize the traditional and new technologies, conditional on the harmonization and adapation process being based on the following provisions: (1) Reasonable succession of the new and traditional training methods/ tools; and (2) Every training system module/ phase shall be designed to attain the expected fitness levels by specific practices.

When the above provisions are in place, the new technology may be successfully implemented in the training system modules/ phases conditional on the actual practices being fairly similar. Note that the second of the above provisions determine the timeframe of the training sysem module/ phase.

We would summarize the above considerations as follows: technologies may be effectively combined and harmonized when the conceptual and theoretical basics of the newly implemented and beneficiary training technologies are fairly close. This conclusion reinforces the priniciple of ‘the conceptual framework of the implemented technology being kept intact’

 [7] to secure the expected benefits from the new technology being customized to the new sport environment.

Harmonze the key mechanism of the newly implemented and traditional technologies, i.e. secure a reasonable compatibility of the following key mechanisms: training system phases; specific training loads; load-to-intensity ratios; shares of the training tools (traditional conditioning, special training, special fitness/ developmental and competitive ones), not detrimental to the goals and priorities of the training technologies [7].

Make changes to effectively customize the new training tools, with this customization step dictated by the following principles/ goals: ‘subordinate the newly implemented and updated technologies’; ‘change content of the updated technology’; and ‘change content of the training system for the target sport discipline’ [7]. The training methods and tools shall be customized to meet requirements of target sport discipline in terms of the movement kinematics and dynamics for competitive progress. It should be emphasized that the changes shall not affect the shares of exercises in the technology [1].

Secure evolutionary changes in the training system content and design, i.e. ensure the ‘changes in content of the updated technology’ and ‘changes in content of the training system for the target sport discipline’ [7], with the updated technology being further revised and improved on a periodic basis. 

Conclusion. The new algorithm makes it possible to both effectively integrate modern sport technologies into the relevant operational environments (elite sports; children and youth/ junior sports, sports-prioritizing physical education etc.) and design new sport technologies with contributions from the existing ones.


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Objective of any sport is to secure the best possible competitive accomplishments and wins in the top ranking competitions. It is logical in this context to believe that every athlete’s dream is to make a world record and, hence, train harder than anybody else before to make the dream come true. The article offers a sport technology adapting and implementing algorithm customizable to the operational environments. We used the conversion logics and principles developed by our prior studies to lay a theoretical and practical basis for this algorithm – that may be defined as the technology adapting and implementation procedure detailed down to every action – to secure the algorithm being effectively customized to the target operational environment, with the sequence of actions dictated by the adaptive transformations.

The proposed technology adaptation and implementation steps in the new algorithm are the following: (1) find problems in the traditional training system; (2) find solutions and technologies to decisively improve the training process efficiency; (3) classify the convertible technologies; (4) identify the window of opportunity for harmonizing the traditional and new technologies; (5) correct or adapt the key training tools; and (6) secure evolution of the training process design and contents.