Physiologically verified training method for sambo wrestlers with hearing impairments


Dr.Biol., Associate Professor S.Y. Zavalishina1
Dr.Hab., Associate Professor A.S. Makhov1
1Russian State Social University, Moscow

Keywords: Sambo, adolescents, hearing impairment, movement, physiological basis, methods of training.

Introduction. Motor activity is a recognized option for improving and toning the body [1]. Its effectiveness has been proven in both individual and group classes [2], including those with hearing impairment. Very physiologically justified is a series of movements that make up Sambo. This type of struggle is gaining popularity among people with disabilities, in particular those with hearing analyzer disorders. However, coaches working with this category of athletes still do not have a physiologically determined methodology for their training and are forced to focus only on their experience.
The aim of the study is to develop a physiologically justified method of training Sambo athletes with hearing impairment.
Methodology and organization of the study. In compiling the methodology, the principle of "from simple to complex" was applied, taking into account the main elements in the stalls (wrestling lying down). As they were mastered, the trainers mastered techniques in the rack and complex acrobatic elements. The technique consisted of 4 elements: acrobatic exercises; elements of wrestling technique; motor actions in the fight lying down( stalls); motor actions in the rack. The system of the special gestures designating a certain motor action in fight (a rack, a roll, a somersault) helping to increase considerably motor density of employment, without occupying time of the teacher for the long explanation of already familiar elements and exercises was developed. During the training, color markers were used to facilitate communication. In addition, once a week, joint classes of athletes with hearing impairment with healthy Sambo athletes were organized. Pairs was determined according to weight categories. Healthy wrestlers had a condition - during working off of technical actions to correct mistakes of the rival with hearing impairment, and during training fights to give the chance to take a winning capture and to work not in full force.
The results of the study and their discussion. Training sessions for hard of hearing and deaf wrestlers were built according to the standard scheme: 10-15 min warm-up, 68-75 min main part, 5-7 min hitch. In this technique, the proposed technical Arsenal for adolescents with hearing impairment was not so great in contrast to healthy adolescents, the main attention in the study of various motor actions was paid to the strong assimilation of knowledge and the formation of self-insurance skills. This allowed the authors to successfully apply the elements of Sambo in the work with hard of hearing and deaf wrestlers. During the training sessions, specially designed gestures were used to indicate different starting positions and stands in the fight. This increased the motor density of the lesson and allowed not to spend time explaining the previously studied elements. The effectiveness of training Sambo athletes with hearing impairment was significantly increased as a result of training with healthy athletes. This has led to the growth of technical skills of deaf and hearing-impaired trainees.
Conclusion. The technique of Sambo wrestling for groups of initial training presented in work allows to prepare successfully the wrestlers having violations of hearing, accurately applying elements of Sambo in training process. The harmonious combination of technical elements, special gestures, color markers, the use of joint classes with healthy wrestlers accelerates the purposeful training of hard of hearing and deaf adolescents.


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