Kinesiological physical education model for preschoolers

PhD, Professor Yu.L. Orlov1
Doctoral student J.A. Sanauov2
1Russian State University of Physical Education, Sport, Youth and Tourism (SCOLIPE), Moscow
2Kazakh Academy of Sports and Tourism, Almaty

The analysis of karate masters’ competitive performance has shown that one of the key reasons for the competitive failures is the underdeveloped sensorimotor qualities that may overshadow even the best fighting tactics. Imperfect timing, faulty amplitude and low speed of the punches give ample opportunities for the opponents to respond by defenses and counterattacks. Competitive success in the modern karate heavily depends on the attack speeds, amplitudes, footwork and accuracy. The competitive performance analyses in the Kumite karate discipline found the losses being due mostly to the delayed responses, poor timing, imperfect amplitudes and low speeds of the attacks. These deficiencies may be corrected by a new punching speed boosting special training model. The study data and analyses demonstrated benefits of the model making a special emphasis on the sensorimotor action stimulation and control component to effectively shape up and excel the situation-specific individual punching style for a relatively short time as verified by the athletes’ progress in the sensorimotor fitness and punching efficiency rating tests.

Keywords: sensorimotor action stimulation and control system, competitive karate.

References

  1. Orlov Yu.L., Mandych I.N. Sovershenstvovanie dvigatelnykh reaktsiy karatistov s ispolzovaniem lazernogo trenazhera-stimulyatora vizualno-motornykh reagirovaniy [Efforts to improve motor reactions of karatekas using laser simulator-stimulator of visual motor responses]. Fizicheskaya kultura: vospitanie, obrazovanie, trenirovka.2014. no. 2. pp. 12-15.
  2. Orlov Yu.L. Sistema sensomotornogo stimuliruyuschego upravleniya sportsmenom v sportivnom karate [System for sensorimotor stimulating control of athlete in competitive karate]. Boevye iskusstva i sportivnye edinoborstva: nauka, praktika, vospitanie [Combat sports and martial arts: science, practice, education]. Proc. III nat. res.-pract. conf. with intern. part. (Moscow, September 21 2018) . M.: Anta Press, 2018. pp. 11-16.
  3. Orlov Yu.L., Ryzkhkova L.G. [ed.]. Takticheskie sostavlyayushchie sorevnovatelnoy deyatelnosti v sportivnykh edinoborstvakh [Tactical components of competitive activity in martial arts]. Boevye iskusstva i sportivnye edinoborstva: nauka, praktika, vospitanie [Combat sports and martial arts: science, practice, education]. Proc. III nat. res.-pract. conf. with intern. part. (Moscow, September 21 2018. M.: Anta Press, 2018. pp.  32-40.
  4. Orlov Yu.L. Tekhnologiya opredeleniya vremeni i skorosti vypolneniya odinochnogo atakuyuschego deystviya rukoy v sportivnom karate v usloviyakh otsutstviya apparatno-tekhnicheskikh sredstv kontrolya [Technology to determine single offensive hand action execution time and speed in sports karate in the absence of hardware and technical means of control]. Proc. IX intern. congress «SPORT, MAN, HEALTH». April 25-27 2019: Proc. congress. St. Petersburg, 2019. pp.  239-241.