Stabilometry to rate body balancing and movement coordination qualities in football

Dr.Med., Professor L.V. Kapilevich1, 2
Postgraduate student Yu.A. Gaevaya2
M.O. Shelhorn1
PhD, Associate Professor A.A. Ilyin3
1National Research Tomsk State University, Tomsk
2National Research Tomsk Polytechnic University, Tomsk
3Tomsk University of Control Systems and Radioelectronics, Tomsk

The Tomsk Oblast and a few neighboring regions have reported growth of winter football popularity for the last few years in many communities including the academic ones. Progress and popularity of the sport discipline opens up new progress opportunities for the academic group physical education and sport services in Siberia. Winter football may be easily integrated in the traditional physical education and sport theory and practice although its sets some special requirements to the footballers’ physical qualities and skills. The sport-specific skills executed on a slippery surface require the players’ postural control qualities and skills being perfect. The study was designed to apply stabilometrics to rate the balancing and coordination qualities in academic winter football players. Sampled for the study were the 21-25 year-old 3-4-year male students split up into a Reference Group (RG, n=15) specializing in the traditional football and Experimental Group (EG, n=15) specializing in winter football. The test data were obtained using Stabilan-01-2 computerized stabilometer with analyzer and feedback capacities. The sample was tested by the Romberg test, stability limit test, optokinetic and sensory vestibular tests, plus a ball kick test.
The stabilograms tested the RG with the high movement coordination and body balancing skills in kicks on the traditional surface; whilst the EG demonstrated better movement coordination and body balancing skills on the slippery surface. The test data and analyses demonstrate that the winter football develops high and specific movement coordination and body balancing skills with the relevant motor stereotypes on the slippery surface largely different from the traditional kicking skills.

Keywords: students, winter football, stabilometrics, movement coordination, body balancing skills.

References

  1. Buckley T.A., Oldham, J.R., Watson, D.J. e.a. Repetitive Head Impacts in Football Do Not Impair Dynamic Postural Control. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 2019, V.51, Issue 1, P.132-140.
  2. Campolettano E.T., Brolinson G., Rowson S. Postural control and head impact exposure in youth football players: Comparison of the balance error scoring system and a force plate protocol. Journal of Applied Biomechanics. 2018. 34(2), P. 127-133.
  3. Cè E., Longo S., Paleari E. e.a. Evidence of balance training-induced improvement in soccer-specific skills in U11 soccer players. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports 2018. 28(11), P. 2443-2456.
  4. Kapilevich L.V., Guzhov F.A., Bredikhina Yu.P., Il'in A.A. Physiological mechanisms to ensure accuracy and coordination of movements under conditions of unstable equilibrium and moving target (the case of strikes in sports karate). Teoriya i Praktika Fizicheskoy Kultury. 2014, 12, P.22-24.
  5. Kapilevich L.V., Koshelskaya E.V., Krivoschekov S.G. Physiological basis of the improvement of movement accuracy on the basis of stabilographic training with biological feedback. Human Physiology. 2015, V.41, 4, P.404-411
  6. Nagornov M.S., Davlet'yarova K.V., Il'in A.A., L.V. Kapilevich. Physiological features of shot technique of football players with musculoskeletal disorders // Teoriya i Praktika Fizicheskoy Kultury, 2015. 7. P.8–10.
  7. Peterson C.L., Ferrara M.S., Mrazik M., Piland S., Elliott R. Evaluation of neuropsychological domain scores and postural stability following cerebral concussion in sports. Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine. 2003,V.13, Issue 4, P.230-237.
  8. Walsh M., Slattery E., McMath A. e.a. Training history constrains postural sway dynamics: A study of balance in collegiate ice hockey players. Gait and Posture. 2018. 66, P. 278-282.