Dr.Hab., Professor Yu.V. Baykovsky1
PhD, Associate Professor A.V. Aleshicheva2
Dr.Biol., Professor N.G. Samoylov2
PhD D.A. Kazakov3
1Russian State University of Physical Education, Sports, Youth and Tourism (SCOLIPE), Moscow
2Ryazan State Medical University n.a. Academician I.P. Pavlov, Ryazan
3Russian State Social University, Moscow
Objective of the work was to identify changes that occur in the psyche of female volleyball players in different phases of the ovarian-menstrual cycle due to the differential use of loads as a technique used to maintain their mental health. The essence of the differentiated use of physical activity was that in the “problem” phases of the ovarian-menstrual cycle (premenstrual, menstrual and ovulatory) the intensity of physical and mental stress decreased, being replaced by mastering technical and tactical techniques.
Psychological diagnostics were subjected to: subjective perception of the level of ailments (pain in different parts of the body) with the help of the Giessen questionnaire, well-being, activity and mood, and psychological well-being of an individual.
The following effects were established, which are the result of the use of differentiated physical and mental loads by athletes: the volleyball players from the main group showed a significant decrease in the perceived pain in various body systems; This effect is designated “psychoresistant”, since its role is seen in increasing the resistance to pain perception by athletes. The consequence of a decrease in workloads in the problematic phases of the ovarian-menstrual cycle was an improvement in the well-being, activity, and mood indices. The increase in the rate of game action was seen in the main group in the increase in wins (in the last six months). In the main group, where differential loads were applied, the state of psychological health was revealed at a high level. Negative behavioral reactions in the form of destructiveness and deficiency, manifested in a heightened perception of criticism, heightened conflicts, nervousness, irritability, verbal aggression in the main group, were episodic.
The conclusion is made about the positive results of the application of differentiated physical and mental loads in the problematic phases of the ovarian-menstrual cycle. The mentioned phenomenon is interpreted as a condition for the preservation of the psychological health of athletes, not reducing the success of their sports activities.
Keywords: mental health, volleyball players, consideration of phases of ovarian-menstrual cycle, differentiation of applied loads.
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