Gender variability issues of modern women’s sportst

Gender variability issues of modern women’s sportst

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PhD, Associate Professor D.V. Sobolev1
PhD, Associate Professor A.V. Sysoyev1
Dr.Med., Professor T.S. Soboleva1
1Voronezh State Institute of Physical Education, Voronezh

Historically the modern women’s sports have largely been viewed as derivatives of the men’s ones. Individual sport predispositions are commonly considered driven by the gender-unspecific physical activities (hyperkinesias) largely formed in the prenatal development period. Objective of the study was to analyze the inborn predispositions to a high physical activity (hyperkinesias) in women on the following assumptions. On the one hand, the individual predisposition to sports depends on the testosterone-driven gender-unspecific physical activities (hyperkinesias) formed in the prenatal development period. Some females are diagnosed with hyperandrogenism, which is the increased synthesis of testosterone (androgen) by adrenal associated with the male-type cerebral differentiation process and male developmental programs taking the lead in every bodily system. On the other hand, the modern women’s sports face multiple challenges due to the transgender human resource inflow promoted and supported by some vested interests.
It may be concluded that, since the women’s sports increasingly tend to accept the athletes with the gender specifics closely nearing the male ones, special efforts are needed to consolidate the women test database to specify the semi-male modern woman type that increasingly dominates in the women’s sport elite. The relevant sport training systems are in high demand today and need to be supported by a sound theoretical basis to develop new adapted women’s training systems mimicking the men’s ones as close as possible for success.

Keywords: women’s sports, athletes, gender, hyperkinesias, prenatal sex-specific cerebral development, androgens, hyperandrogenism, transgender athlete.

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