Yakut national hapsagay wrestling: progress analysis

Teoriya i praktika fizicheskoy kultury №7 2019

I.I. Druziyanov1
N.S. Filippov1
Dr.Hab., Professor I.A.Cherkashin1, 2, 3
1Institute of Physical Culture and Sport of M.K. Ammosov North-Eastern Federal University, Yakutsk
2Yakutsk State Agricultural Academy, Yakutsk
3Moscow State Academy of Physical Education, Malakhovka, Moscow region

The Yakut national Hapsagay wrestling traditional for the people of Sakha Republic (SR) is one of a few historical combat sports inherited from the past generations and still highly popular in the local communities. The key goal of the Hapsagay bout is to force the opponent touching the ground with at least the third point. The study analyzes the progress of Hapsagay wrestling in the SR age groups for the period of 2011 through 2017. On the whole, the sporting population going in for Hapsagay at CYSS, sport groups at the B. Manchaary Republican Center of National Sports and sponsored by the republican and local Hapsagay federations across the RS was estimated at 2,400 people (including 1632 adult and 768 teenage males) in 2011 versus 5,316 people (2727 adults and 2589 teenagers) in 2017 that means a growth of 221.5% for the period. The Hapsagay groups at 17 republican CYSS were estimated to total 655 people in 2017-18 school year including 89 people in the health sport groups and 331 and 235 people in the beginner and senior groups, respectively. It was found that for the 13 years under analysis 89 Hapsagay specialists trained by the two republican physical education universities were employed as follows; 32.6% (n=29) by the law enforcement and emergency services of the MIA and MES and Federal National Guards service; 31.4% (n=28) contracted as physical education teachers by secondary schools; and 34.8% (n=31) were employed as trainers by the federal and republican CYSS and Sport Excellence Schools (SES). This supply of qualified human resource for the Hapsagay wrestling in the SR is, however, still short of the actual demand as the Hapsagay sporting population in the republic is now formally estimated at 5,316 people.

Keywords: motivation, national sport, Hapsagay wrestling, students.

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