Respiratory training model to correct cardio-respiratory system disorders

Teoriya i praktika fizicheskoy kultury №7 2019

Dr.Hab., Professor V.L. Kondakov1
Dr.Hab., Professor L.N. Voloshina1
PhD, Associate Professor E.N. Kopeikina1
PhD, Associate Professor N.V. Balysheva1
1Belgorod State National Research University, Belgorod

Health problems of young generations are considered increasingly critical by many nations. Objective of the study was to assess benefits of a new respiratory training model to correct cardio-respiratory system disorders under the academic physical education curriculum. Sampled for the model testing experiment were the 1-2-year female students (n=61) diagnosed with cardio-respiratory system disorders and split up into Experimental (EG, n=28) and Reference (RG, n=33) Groups. Both group trainings took 90min 2 times a week – or 136 hours per academic year. The experiment showed benefits of the new respiratory training model as verified by the EG progress in the cardiovascular system functionality test rates including the improved myocardial function, oxygenation and aerobic capacities, physical fitness and cardio-respiratory system functions. The EG was tested with particularly high progress in the physical development and fitness rates including the vital capacity, strength, flexibility and movement coordination test rates. The Apanansenko Somatic Health Tests found meaningful progress of the EG in 5 tests out of 5. Therefore the respiratory training model with its full breathing and interval hypoxic training components was found beneficial as verified by the EG meaningful progress in the cardiovascular system functional efficiency, aerobic capacities, tolerance to hypoxia, physical working capacity, tolerance to physical stressors, strength, flexibility, and movement coordination test rates.

Keywords: health, female students, cardio-respiratory system disorders, respiratory practices, breathing gymnastics.

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