Retired elite athletes’ health analysis


Dr.Med., Professor O.S. Kogan1
Dr.Sc.Hist., Professor S.D. Galiullina1
1Ufa State Petroleum Technological University, Ufa

Analysis of the scientific literature and authors' research shows that athletes are affected by a complex set of factors in the process of sports activities similar in energy costs and injury risks to those employed by workers in hazardous and / or dangerous working conditions of traditional industries. The study was designed to make a retired elite athletes’ health analysis with an emphasis on the chronic disease statistics. Sampled for the study purposes were representatives of cyclic, speed-strength, combat, complex-coordination-intensive and team sports (n=233 including 164 males and 69 females) split up into Experimental Group of coaches with the prior careers in elite professional sports, with the top-ranking competitive experiences and accomplishments; and Reference Group of 31-45 year old amateur/ unqualified athletes, sport university graduates.
The disease rate in the Experimental Group was found meaningfully higher than in the Reference Group in terms of the overall chronic disease rate; cardiovascular system disease (hypertension, ischemic disease) rate; mental disease rate; behavioral/ central nervous system disorders (neuro-circulatory dystonia, neurosis, neurasthenia); endocrine imbalances (obesity) etc. The study data and findings need to be verified and supported by further studies to produce grounded health protection and rehabilitation recommendations for the elite athletes who opt for coaching careers upon retirement from sports.

Keywords: elite sports, physical and mental stressors, coach’s health, medical rehabilitation.


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