Some aspects of mental and emotional conditions of Paralympic athletes



Teoriya i praktika fizicheskoy kultury №3 2017, pp.48-50

UDC 796.01:159.9

Dr.Sc.Psych., Professor E.A. Petrova1
Dr.Hab., Associate Professor A.S. Makhov1
PhD D.V. Savchenko1
PhD, Associate Professor M.A. Kovaleva1
1Russian State Social University, Moscow

The article presents findings of a pilot survey of some aspects of the most common mental and emotional conditions experienced by Paralympic athletes. Objective of the study was to offer practical recommendations to facilitate psychological support service to the athletes. The study was based on two questioning survey forms designed by the authors to analyse the key aspects of training for the Paralympic Games (by coaches’ questioning survey form) and a variety of aspects of the mental and emotional conditions experienced by the athletes prior to and during the competitions. Subject to the survey were 18 Paralympic athletes from the Russian track-and-field national team and 10 coaches who train these athletes. The study was performed in April 2016 in Sochi when the athletes were trained for the Summer Paralympic Games in Rio de Janeiro. The survey data and analyses showed that most of the subject athletes reported feeling highly fit for the fight, with the internal mental fitness for the event being associated in most of the subjects with a right feel of the own fitness level. Furthermore, it was found that the athletes capable of the right rating of the own emotional conditions normally show increased sensitivity to fatigue in the training process and may cancel training when the actual condition requires. Most of the coaches surveyed reported showing absolutely equal attitudes to their higher- and less-gifted trainees, albeit 30% of the coaches were found still prone to give higher attention to the gifted trainees in the training process and show negative attitudes to failures of their trainees.

Keywords: mental and emotional conditions, Paralympic athletes, training and competitive performance, physical rehabilitation.


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