Elite sprint swimmers' pre-season training techniques and content

Elite sprint swimmers' pre-season training techniques and content


Teoriya i praktika fizicheskoy kultury №1 2017, pp.  89-91

UDC 797.21

Dr.Sc.Psych., Professor B.P. Yakovlev1
Dr.Hab., Professor G.D. Babushkin2
Postgraduate R.E. Rybin2
Professor, PhD V.P. Bachin2
Associate Professor, PhD V.V. Apokin1
1Surgut State University, Surgut
2Siberian State University of Physical Culture and Sports, Omsk

The article considers the elite sprint swimmers’ pre-season training system method and contents. Special physical training component included the following four weekly micro-cycles: intensive, rehabilitative, intensive and rehabilitative ones. The pre-season training included the following four components: special physical training component taking 50% of the total training time; and the psychological (25%); tactical (10%) and technical (15%) training components. A starting point for the content development is the primary fitness data, with a special emphasis on the fitness rates pivotal for the swimmers’ pre-season training process individualization. The athletes are to be tested after every micro-cycle and prior to every training session, the test data being applied to design individual workloads. Upon completion of the precompetitive training, the subject swimmers competed in the Siberian Federal Area Championship. The Study Group swimmers were found to improve the forecast time in 78% of the cases (main events) versus 58% of the cases in the Reference Group. The figures were interpreted as indicative of the proposed swimmers’ pre-season training method being efficient. Educational experiment under the study confirmed the benefits of the proposed training method for the swimmers’ pre-season training.

Keywords: swimmers, pre-season training, competitive performance, content, method


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