Prosocial practices in sports activities


PhD, Associate Professor O.A. Polyushkevich1
PhD, Associate Professor R.V. Ivanov1
1Irkutsk State University, Irkutsk

Keywords: prosocial practices, sports, sports volunteers, social activity.

Introduction. Prosocial practices are practices aimed at developing the social potential of others. In our case, we focus on prosocial practices in sports activities, expressed in the work of volunteers during sports competitions. Prosocial practices in sports differ from traditional volunteering in that they require special skills. Understanding what social functions and roles social activists perform during competitions will help determine their place in the development of sports as a social institution in the new conditions [1, 2]. It was only since the 80s of the twentieth century that sports volunteers began to be perceived as co‑organizers and assistants to organizers of sports events.
The purpose of the study is to identify the features of prosocial activity of sports volunteers during competitions.
Methodology and organization of the study. The study involved 650 young people aged 18 to 35 years, including 56% of girls and 44% of boys engaged in volunteer activities during sports competitions. The study was conducted in 2022 in the form of a questionnaire survey in Irkutsk, Angarsk, Krasnoyarsk, Khabarovsk, Novosibirsk and Tomsk during major competitions at the federal and regional levels. The data array was processed using the SPSS package.
The results of the study and their discussion. The analysis of the results showed that such qualities as sociability (22%), personal motivation to participate (19%), desire to learn new things (16%), team spirit (13%), stress tolerance (10%), knowledge are important for sports volunteers who carry out prosocial practices during sports events a foreign language (8%), a desire to interact with representatives of other peoples and cultures (7%), possession of skills of any sport (5%).
During sports competitions, the prosocial practices of sports volunteers are aimed at: regulation and optimal organization of competitions; work with athletes, spectators, accompanying teams, journalists, etc.; ensuring a comfortable life, leisure and cultural exchange among participants and guests of competitions. And therefore, the motives of each volunteer find their realization.
The importance of personal motives (58%) in participating in sports competitions as sports volunteers is expressed in the acquisition of useful work experience, which allows you to see the motivation of athletes, understand their personality traits, get to know the best athletes in a particular sport, find friends from other cities and countries, get language practice, learn culture and traditions of representatives of other countries.
The significance of social motives (42%) is aimed at forming the image of the country, sports federation or section, constructing the image of an athlete or team. This motivation is aimed at comprehensive social regulation of the social activities of sports volunteers.
Conclusions. Thus, participation in prosocial practices of sports volunteers develops their human capital and enhances the resourcefulness and versatility of the human capital of the region and the country (combining personal and social motives of prosocial activity).


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  2. Polyushkevich O. A. Prosocial practices in a provincial city: creativity and profanity of public space / O. A. Polyushkevich // Sociology. – 2021. – No. 4. – pp. 129-135.