Analysis of component composition of the girls' body under the influence of Tai-Bo classes in combination with oriental health practices


PhD, Associate Professor M.Yu. Zolotova1
PhD, Associate Professor T.Yu. Maskaeva2
S.E. Glachaeva1
1State University of Humanities and Social Studies, Moscow Region, Kolomna
2Russian University of Transport, Moscow

Keywords: component composition analysis, qigong, yoga, stretching.

Introduction. Modern requirements for the construction of the educational process in physical education require new approaches to the methods of conducting classes, as well as methods for diagnosing the physical condition of students [1].
The purpose of the study is a comparative analysis of the component composition of the body of female students under the influence of athletic gymnastics and tai–bo classes in combination with oriental wellness practices.
Methodology and organization of the study. The experiment was conducted on the basis of the State Social and Humanitarian University of Kolomna. The number of subjects was 36 female students aged 18 to 20 years. Within the framework of elective disciplines on physical culture and sports "Health-improving types of gymnastics", students were divided according to their preference into two groups (19 and 17 people in each). Group 1 (EG1=19) was engaged in tai-bo fitness program and elements of oriental wellness practices (qigong, yoga, stretching), group 2 (EG2=17) athletic gymnastics and stretching (in the gym). Classes were held twice a week throughout the school year. Anthropometric measurements were carried out according to the standard methodology. The InBody 270 device was used for bioimpedance analysis. The study included the following indicators: body length and body weight, body fat and muscle components (absolute and relative), visceral fat, body mass index (BMI), volume of active cell mass (ACM), basal metabolism level.
The results of the study and their discussion. Various types of physical culture and wellness classes had a heterogeneous effect on the component composition of the body of female students. Thus, cardio tai-bo sessions had a more pronounced effect on the fat and muscle components of the body compared to athletic gymnastics combined with stretching, which resulted in a decrease in the amount of fat in the body and an increase in muscle mass. The differences obtained are explained by the methodological features of tai-bo classes, which include performing exercises in the zone of medium and high intensity, a wide variety of exercises from different sports, a complex effect on all muscle groups and functional indicators of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems.
Conclusions. The obtained bioimpedance data indicate the effectiveness of training programs and complement the practice of physical education of female students.
The differentiated influence of different types of training on the component composition of the body indicates the need for an individual-personal approach to the development of training programs in the educational process of the university.


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