Defense-preparing an attack with a bias when performing a "pendulum" in boxing according to the Cus D'Amato system

Defense-preparing an attack with a bias when performing a "pendulum" in boxing according to the Cus D'Amato system


A.O. Zvezdova1
A.A. Romashov1

1The Russian State University of Justice, Moscow

Keywords: pendulum in boxing, the tactical essence of the right-left choice when pulling apart with a lateral maneuver, preparation of "defense-attack" with a pendulum.

Introduction. Conducting maneuverable combat in boxing is quite rare. One of such unique boxers is Mike Tyson, who can be noted for his excellent command of the maneuver for dodging to the right and left, diving and other actions close to this maneuver, as well as combining with these actions to conduct accentuated strikes.
The purpose of the study is to identify the technical and tactical features of the use of the pendulum in boxing according to the Cas D'Amato system, using the example of the analysis of Mike Tyson's fights.
Methodology and organization of the study. The analysis of fights with the participation of Michael Tyson with the use of video analysis tools was carried out.
The results of the study and their discussion. In the Cas D'Amato system, there is a direct "pendulum" bias to the right and left, and vice versa, as the leading maneuver. The pendulum itself has a variety of execution options, in a high stance, medium and low, as well as with different squat depth. At the same time, various movements are used, starting from a step, a jump, a step, a jump and, most importantly, the use of an accentuated blow. All these actions create various combinations and often end with a side maneuver [1] and a finishing blow.
Technical characteristics of the pendulum. Inclines with turns, which begin to be performed with foot movements, with a turn, a tilt of the trunk, the position of the arms, and all this is done simultaneously [2]. The start of the pendulum is in the legs, they begin to bend, then everything else, a slope inside is performed, then the athlete returns to the fighting stance and makes a slope outwards, and can do this several times. The pendulum can be performed as a defense or an attack. The pendulum begins as a defense, and ends with an attacking start [1], from which you can make a jump, a jump with side kicks or a side kick from the spot. Therefore, the pendulum can be performed by successive defenses or successive blows, or by mixing them. At the same time, it should be remembered that the pendulum is more suitable for boxers below their opponent, so its use by high boxers is rare.
The tactical essence of the pendulum. By themselves, leaning to the right and to the left is a departure from the line of impact. The work of the pelvis allows you to create a starting position and, when extending the legs, strengthen the execution of the blow. If an athlete begins to make false movements, threats, impulses, micropauses and pulling when performing the pendulum [2], this increases the tactical characteristics of the pendulum, and it turns into a formidable tactical weapon.
Conclusion. The combat system proposed by Cas D'Amato is a counterattacking manner of fighting based on a pendulum. The combined execution of various movements during the execution of the pendulum and carrying out side strokes after a side maneuver allows you to create mental tension in the enemy and dissipate his attention. This leads to a loss of vigilance and the omission of accentuated strikes, while the use of a lateral maneuver adds doom to the enemy's defenses.
The execution of the pendulum is perceived by all specialists ambiguously, there are many interpretations of this technical action and its use in combat.


  1. Romashov A. A. Tactics of counterattack using lateral maneuver in boxing / A. A. Romashov, O. B. Malkov, A. O. Zvezdova // Theory and practice of physical culture. – 2019. – No. 2. – pp. 84-85.
  2. Malkov O. B. The theory of timing in various types of martial arts / O. B. Malkov // Physical culture: education, education training. – 2022. – No. 1. – pp. 5-7.